SAT II World History : Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Enlightenment And The Scientific Revolution

Jeremy Bentham is most commonly associated with __________.

Possible Answers:

Secularization 

Nihilism 

Socialism 

Objectivism 

Utilitarianism

Correct answer:

Utilitarianism

Explanation:

Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher most commonly associated with the creation of the modern movement of utilitarianism. The primary tenet of utilitarianism is that morality and law should be grounded in ensuring the most happiness for the most amount of people. “It is the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people that is the measure of right and wrong.”

Example Question #3 : Gender 1750 To 1900

Who wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Possible Answers:

Elizabeth Barret Browning

Mary Shelley

Mary Wollstonecraft

Jane Austen

Virginia Woolf

Correct answer:

Mary Wollstonecraft

Explanation:

Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of Rights of Woman in 1792 at the height of the Enlightenment period. In this text, she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, as was generally thought by people at the time, but rather appear that way because they are poorly educated and taught to be subservient.

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