SAT II World History : English Civil War and Great Britain

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1

Example Question #1 : English Civil War And Great Britain

Which of the following groups did Roundheads support during the English Civil War?

Possible Answers:

The monarchy

The Welsh

Parliament

The Papacy

The Church of England

Correct answer:

Parliament

Explanation:

The English Civil War pitted Parliament (Parliamentarians or "Roundheads") against the monarchy (Royalists or "Cavaliers"). It ended in victory for Parliament and the Roundheads and the execution of the reigning monarch, Charles I; however, Parliament's rule, under effective military dictator Oliver Cromwell, lasted less than a decade before the monarchy was reinstated. 

Example Question #2 : English Civil War And Great Britain

The English Civil War of the seventeenth century was fought between which of the following groups?

Possible Answers:

Parliamentarians and Protestants

Catholics and Protestants

Royalists and Catholics

Parliamentarians and Royalists

Parliamentarians and the Irish

Correct answer:

Parliamentarians and Royalists

Explanation:

The English Civil War was fought between the forces of the English Parliament, called Parliamentarians, and the forces of the English monarchy, called Royalists. Although the Parliamentarians were Protestants and the monarchy was partially Catholic (or at least sympathetic to Catholicism), the war was fought more over secular control. It ended with victory for Parliament, the execution of the King, and the decade-long reign of Oliver Cromwell.

Example Question #2 : English Civil War And Great Britain

What happened to the British monarch Charles I after the English Civil War? 

Possible Answers:

He was forcibly exiled to France. 

He converted to Protestantism and was allowed to remain in his home in Scotland. 

He was imprisoned for the rest of his long life in the Tower of London. 

He was publicly executed. 

He fled to exile in the United Provinces. 

Correct answer:

He was publicly executed. 

Explanation:

Following the defeat of the Royalists and the forces of the English crown in the English Civil War, the reigning monarch King Charles I was publicly executed, to the shock of the rest of Europe. He was the first reigning monarch to be executed by his own people in European history.

Example Question #1 : English Civil War And Great Britain

This man was the military leader of the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War; he became the de facto dictator of England following the victory of Parliament.

Possible Answers:

Thomas Cromwell

Thomas More

Oliver Cromwell

William of Orange

Thomas Cranmer

Correct answer:

Oliver Cromwell

Explanation:

The English Civil War was fought between royalists and parliamentarians during the 1640s and resulted in victory for parliament and the abolition of the English monarchy. The parliamentarians were led by Oliver Cromwell, who became the de facto dictator of the country. His rule was widely unpopular, and following his death England reverted back to a monarchy.

Example Question #2 : English Civil War And Great Britain

During the Restoration period of English history, when the monarchy was restored in England, Whigs supported __________.

Possible Answers:

the expansion of the British colonial empire

the supremacy of Parliament

the banishment or execution of Catholics

the end of the British colonial empire

the supremacy of the monarchy

Correct answer:

the supremacy of Parliament

Explanation:

During the Restoration period of English history two political factions emerged in the English Parliament—the Whigs and the Tories. The Whigs favored the supremacy of Parliament over the crown and desired a codified Bill of Rights to ensure the continued indepenence of Parliament from the abuses of the monarchy. 

Example Question #5 : English Civil War And Great Britain

Which of these answer choices best describes the goals of the Puritans during the seventeenth century in England? 

Possible Answers:

To reform the Anglican Church from within and purify English society

To abolish the Anglican Church and reinstate a pure form of Catholicism

To abolish the Anglican Church and replace it with a much purer new Christianity, which would dominate English society and change cultural values

To abolish the Anglican Church and replace it with Lutheranism

To purify the Catholic Church from within and stablizing it as the dominant faith of England

Correct answer:

To reform the Anglican Church from within and purify English society

Explanation:

The Puritans were a powerful religious group in seventeenth-century England. They fought on the side of the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War, and following the victory of Parliament they gained control of the political and religious life of the country. Puritans wanted to reform the Anglican Church from within, taking it further away from Catholicism and ensuring that the English cultural values were in keeping with those advocated in the Bible. 

Example Question #6 : English Civil War And Great Britain

The Gunpowder Plot was a __________ plan to __________.

Possible Answers:

Puritan . . . blow up the Tower of London 

Puritan . . . blow up the Houses of Parliament 

Catholic . . . blow up the Tower of London

Puritan . . . assassinate James II

Catholic . . . blow up the Houses of Parliament 

Correct answer:

Catholic . . . blow up the Houses of Parliament 

Explanation:

The Gunpowder Plot was a plan designed by a group of Catholic extremists to blow up the Protestant-dominated Houses of Parliament, in 1605. It was foiled when the conspirators were discovered below the Houses of Parliament, setting up fuses and explosive devices. 

Example Question #8 : English Civil War And Great Britain

The Scottish primarily supported __________ during the early stages of the English Civil War. 

Possible Answers:

Catholicism 

Lutheranism 

Parliament

the Monarchy 

Calvinism 

Correct answer:

Parliament

Explanation:

During the English Civil War, the Scottish allied themselves with the forces of Parliament. At the Battle of Marsten Moor, the combined forces of Scotland and Parliament defeated the Royalists. 

Example Question #7 : English Civil War And Great Britain

The Clarendon Code was designed to __________.

Possible Answers:

integrate the Scottish, Irish, and Welsh into English society in the emerging British Empire

ensure the supremacy and uniformity of Catholicism in England 

reduce the Scottish, Irish, and Welsh to second-class status in the emerging British Empire 

ensure the supremacy and uniformity of Catholicism in France

ensure the uniformity and supremacy of Anglicanism in England 

Correct answer:

ensure the uniformity and supremacy of Anglicanism in England 

Explanation:

The Clarendon Code is the name given to a series of laws passed in England during the Restoration period following the English Civil War. The laws were designed to ensure the uniformity and supremacy of the Anglican faith in England, and to prevent the conversion of the English people to Catholicism or other forms of Protestantism. The Act of Uniformity and Conventicle Act are both aspects of the Clarendon Code.

Example Question #8 : English Civil War And Great Britain

Shortly after the English Civil War ended, the monarchy was restored. Due to dissatisfaction with the tyrannical rule of Oliver Cromwell, during the restoration the Tories supported __________.

Possible Answers:

a return to Catholicism 

the supremacy of Parliament 

the abolition of free market capitalism and a return to mercantilism 

the supremacy of the monarchy 

the adoption of free market capitalism 

Correct answer:

the supremacy of the monarchy 

Explanation:

During the Restoration period of English history, two political parties emerged in the English Parliament—the Tories and the Whigs. The Whigs favored the supremacy of Parliament over the monarchy and were heavily opposed to a Catholic monarch sitting on the throne. The Tories, on the other hand, favored the supremacy of the Crown over Parliament and a return to the old-world order. 

← Previous 1
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: