SAT II World History : Development and Types of Government

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1

Example Question #1 : Major Developments

The political philosophy of Fascism featured an economic system that is best described as

Possible Answers:

an embrace of neo-liberalism.

an outright rejection of capitalism.

a blend of communism and democratic socialism.

an outright rejection of socialism.

a blend of socialism and capitalism.

Correct answer:

a blend of socialism and capitalism.

Explanation:

Fascism shared many goals of socialism, such as a living wage and shared economic indpendence, but sought those goals through close work with corporations. Leaders like Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler used corporate leaders as important backers and gave them preferential treatment in government contracts. This "third way" was characteristic of Fascism's approach to economics.

Example Question #36 : Overarching Themes And Philosophies

Which of these is not a quality usually associated with totalitarianism? 

Possible Answers:

Freedom of the press 

A charismatic leader

Modern technology 

All of these answers 

Propaganda 

Correct answer:

Freedom of the press 

Explanation:

Totalitarianism is total rule and control in the hands of one all-powerful leader. Contemporary examples of totalitarianism include North Korea and Syria. Totalitarianism is usually characterized by having a charismatic leader, the use of modern technology to suppress the population, extensive propaganda to ensure loyalty of the population, and a complete lack of freedom of the press.

Example Question #38 : Overarching Themes And Philosophies

How did the government of Brazil differ from the governments of other South American countries in the period immediately after independence?

Possible Answers:

It was completely tolerant of people of different religions and ethnicities.

It allowed for freedom of the press and assembly.

It outlawed slavery and focused on supporting the working class.

It remained neutral in global conflicts and neglected to spend money on its armed forces.

It was a monarchy as opposed to a republic.

Correct answer:

It was a monarchy as opposed to a republic.

Explanation:

The majority of South American countries became republics at the moment of their independence. Many of them would later regress to totalitarian regimes led by armed forces, but they began as republics. Brazil differed from the other South American countries in that it had a strong and assured monarchy, most notably lead by the great Pedro II for much of the nineteenth century.

Example Question #4 : Major Developments

Which of the following statements about the Revolutions of 1848 is correct?

Possible Answers:

The people gained significant economic and political rights that they would never relinquish

Dependency on European products was reduced in various colonies 

Women and minorities gained the right to vote in local elections

The nationalist movements failed and empires continued to prevail in Europe

The monarchies were overthrown and replaced with republican governments

Correct answer:

The nationalist movements failed and empires continued to prevail in Europe

Explanation:

The Revolutions of 1848 began in France at the beginning of the year, but promptly spread to almost sixty countries around Europe, South America, and the Pacific. The revolutionaries desired, amongst other things, greater political participation at the expense of the entrenched ruling aristocracy and national independence from the few massive empires; however, the revolutions were very disorganized and were soon defeated at the hands of reactionary forces. The system of empires and monarchies would last for another century until the chaos and destruction of World Wars One and Two ended the age of empire seemingly forever.

Example Question #2 : Development And Types Of Government

Which of these rebellions occurred first chronologically?

Possible Answers:

The Taiping Rebellion 

The November Revolution in Russia

The Boxer Rebellion 

The Easter Uprising 

The Arab Revolt in Palestine 

Correct answer:

The Taiping Rebellion 

Explanation:

The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war fought in Southern China from 1850 to 1863. The war was fought between the ruling Qing Dynasty and the rebelling millennial movement lead by Hong Xiuquan. The Boxer Rebellion occurred in China from 1898 to 1900. It was fought in opposition to foreign interference in Chinese affairs. The November Revolution in Russia occurred in 1917. It witnessed the overthrow of the Russian provisional government by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Arab Revolt occurred in Palestine between 1936 and 1939. It was an uprising of Palestinians who objected to British and French control of the region. The Easter Uprising occurred in British-controlled Ireland in 1916. The Uprising intended to ensure Irish independence from the British empire and the establishment of an Irish Republic. Aside from the November Revolution, all these rebellions failed.

Example Question #3 : Development And Types Of Government

Which three nations comprised the Holy Alliance?

Possible Answers:

Prussia, Russia, and Austria 

Russia, Sweden, and Britain 

Prussia, Sweden, and Hungary 

Russia, Prussia, and Italy

Russia, Sweden, and Finland

Correct answer:

Prussia, Russia, and Austria 

Explanation:

The Holy Alliance was created in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars. The Napoleonic Wars and the preceding revolution in France offered a powerful challenge to the status quo in Europe. Much of the next fifty years of European history revolves around the various European powers’ efforts to reinforce stability and uphold the monarchies. The Holy Alliance was signed by Prussia, Russia, and Austria, and its primary goal was to work against democratic and nationalistic reform in Europe. In this regard, it was very successful for a long time. 

Example Question #3 : Development And Types Of Government

The Tiananmen Square crisis occurred in which country?

Possible Answers:

Russia

Pakistan 

Japan 

China 

India 

Correct answer:

China 

Explanation:

The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 occurred in Beijing, China. The protests were primarily lead by students and other pro-democracy groups. The event is often called the Tiananmen Square Massacre because of the nature of the response of the Chinese government; troops were ordered to fire on unarmed civilians and many hundreds (possibly thousands) of people were slaughtered. The protests exemplified the major divide in China between communist loyalists and democratic sympathizers, a divide that remains largely unresolved to this day.

Example Question #4 : Development And Types Of Government

The Reform Bill of 1832 __________.

Possible Answers:

Extended voting rights to the British middle class 

Abolished serfdom in Russia

Reinstated freedom of the press in Russia

Allowed for universal manhood suffrage in Britain

Reinstated the monarchy in France 

Correct answer:

Extended voting rights to the British middle class 

Explanation:

The Reform Bill of 1832 was passed in the British parliament to “amend the representation of the people of England and Wales.” Prior to the Reform Bill, only a very small percentage of the population was able to vote, roughly five hundred thousand out of a population of thirteen million. The Reform Bill extended voting rights to an additional few hundred thousand men from the emerging industrial middle class. Although the percentage of the British population who could participate in government was still lower than ten percent, the Reform Bill represents the first step in Britain towards truly representative democracy.

Example Question #5 : Development And Types Of Government

Legalism __________.

Possible Answers:

failed to take hold in the Americas, but dominated European social issues for two centuries 

was introduced to the Byzantine Empire by Justinian I

arose during the Qin period of Chinese history 

contributed to the downfall of the Incan Empire 

was extinguished in Japan by the Emperor Tokugawa

Correct answer:

arose during the Qin period of Chinese history 

Explanation:

Legalism first arose during the Warring States period of Chinese history in approximately 240 BCE. It was subsequently entrenched during the reign of Qin Shi Huang and the Qin Dynasty. Legalism was a strictly pragmatic philosophy that encouraged strict obedience to customs and legal systems.

Example Question #7 : Major Developments

The Storming of the Bastille __________.

Possible Answers:

resulted in the reinstatement of Emperor Napoleon

was a Huguenot response to the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre 

occurred during the Glorious Revolution

began the French Revolution 

ended with the execution of Maximilien Robespierre

Correct answer:

began the French Revolution 

Explanation:

The Storming of the Bastille took place on July 14th, 1789. In the months and years building up to this incident, anger at the abuses of the French government, particularly the monarchy, had been building in intensity. The Bastille was a medieval prison and castle that represented, to many Parisians, the height of royal abuse and extravagance. The Storming of the Bastille was the flashpoint that many historians consider to be the beginning of the French Revolution.

← Previous 1
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: