SAT II World History : Colonization and Imperialism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Colonization And Imperialism

Which of the following best describes the Sepoy Uprising?

Possible Answers:

A rebellion in China against foreign influence

A rebellion in the United States against taxation without representation

A rebellion in Vietnam against Chinese occupation

A rebellion in Anatolia against the Ottoman Empire

A rebellion in India against British rule

Correct answer:

A rebellion in India against British rule

Explanation:

The Sepoy Uprising, which took place in India, was a revolt by native Indians serving in the English army—known as sepoys—against British rule.

The Boxer Rebellion was a revolt in China as a protest against foreign influence.

The Whiskey Rebellion was a revolt in the United States against taxation without representation.

Example Question #2 : Colonization And Imperialism

Leopold II __________.

Possible Answers:

is most frequently remembered for his support of the arts and sciences during his fifty year reign on the Belgian throne

contested French and Prussian dominance of the European continent during the Franco-Prussian Wars

abdicated his throne in favor of the installation of a republican government

was responsible for a mass humanitarian disaster in the Congo region in the late nineteenth century

was exiled to the United States following his defeat by the forces of Napoleon

Correct answer:

was responsible for a mass humanitarian disaster in the Congo region in the late nineteenth century

Explanation:

Leopold II was King of Belgium from 1865-1909. He is primarily remembered for his establishment and subsequent gross exploitation of the Free Congo State. Leopold II believed that in order for Belgium to be a strong nation, it had to own colonies of its own, so he occupied and controlled the African Congo region. Millions of Congolese perished under the brutal and apathetic rule of the Belgians. The Congolese were enslaved to collect ivory and rubber, mutilated and murdered when they did not meet the quotas set by the Belgian authorities, and denied access to education and health care.

Example Question #1 : Colonization And Imperialism

The Berlin Conference was __________.

Possible Answers:

intended to ensure a lasting peace on the European continent by limiting the size of armed forces

attended by dignitaries from all over the fragmented German states and resulted in unification under the leadership of Prussia

a spectacular failure due to a complete breakdown of diplomatic protocol

primarily concerned with dividing up African territory between the European powers

crucial to ending the hostilities of the Franco-Prussian War

Correct answer:

primarily concerned with dividing up African territory between the European powers

Explanation:

The Berlin Conference occurred in 1885 and was primarily concerned with dividing up the African territory amongst the European powers. It occurred at the height of the last era of European Imperialism. It also, notably, coincided with the rise of Germany and the growing aspirations of Leopold II of Belgium.

Example Question #4 : Colonization And Imperialism

Which of these is NOT a territory in which land was gained by the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War?

Possible Answers:

Puerto Rico 

Cuba 

Hawaii 

The Philippines

Guam 

Correct answer:

Hawaii 

Explanation:

The United States defeated the waning Spanish empire in the Spanish-American War in 1898. As a result of the war, the United States briefly gained control over Cuba and the Philippines and somewhat permanently gained control of Puerto Rico and Guam. Many historians consider the Spanish-American War to be the moment where America emerged as the dominant imperial and global power of the twentieth century. Hawaii was annexed by the United States around the same time, in 1897, but would remain a territory until 1959, when a national referendum voted to join the United States as the fiftieth state in the Union.

Example Question #55 : Overarching Themes And Philosophies

The Suez Canal was built in which country during the nineteenth century?

Possible Answers:

Panama 

Mexico 

Britain 

Egypt 

France 

Correct answer:

Egypt 

Explanation:

The Suez Canal was built in Egypt by the British and the French in the nineteenth century. The motivation behind building the Suez Canal becomes immediately apparent when viewing a map. Before the canal was built, a ship sailing from India to Europe had to go around the whole continent of Africa, but the Suez Canal allows ships to sail directly from the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean, cutting down the journey's distance by more than half.

Example Question #2 : Colonization And Imperialism

Which was the last African territory to remain free of European Imperialism?

Possible Answers:

South Africa 

Algeria

Ethiopia 

Congo 

Ghana 

Correct answer:

Ethiopia 

Explanation:

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, there was a rapid occupation of the African continent by the European powers. Of the five countries mentioned in the answer choices, South Africa was occupied first by the Dutch, then the British; Algeria by the French; Ghana by the British; and the Congo by the Belgians. Only Ethiopia, under the skilled leadership of Haile Selassie, remained free of European control.

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