SAT II World History : Africa from 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #15 : Africa And Southwest Asia

Haile Selassi reigned from 1930 to 1974 as the emperor of which African nation?

Possible Answers:

Morrocco

Kenya

Ethiopia

Liberia

Egypt

Correct answer:

Ethiopia

Explanation:

Haile Selassie was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He is notable for his defense of Ethiopia against Mussolini's Italian invasion and for modernizing Ethiopia into the twentieth century.

Example Question #194 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Union of South Africa was primarily a direct result of __________.

Possible Answers:

the construction of the Suez Canal 

the fall of the British Empire after World War Two 

the Berlin Conference 

the Treaty of Tordesillas 

the Second Boer War 

Correct answer:

the Second Boer War 

Explanation:

The Union of South Africa was a direct result of the conclusion of the Second Boer War, in which the British Empire defeated the Afrikaner settlers of the Orange Free State and the South African Republic. The Union of South Africa would later become the Republic of South Africa and would be dominated by apartheid policies and racial disorder until the early 1990s.

Example Question #195 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Second Boer War, 1899-1902, was fought between ________.

Possible Answers:

British and South Africans 

South Africans and Dutch 

British and Afrikaners 

Afrikaners and South Africans 

British and Americans 

Correct answer:

British and Afrikaners 

Explanation:

The Second Boer War was fought between the British Empire and Afrikaner settlers of the Orange Free State and the South African Republic. It ended in victory for the British Empire, but did little to change the social, political, or economic situation in South Africa. 

Example Question #1 : Africa From 1900 C.E. To Present

The independence of Ghana (Gold Coast) in 1957 demonstrates __________.

Possible Answers:

the end of French colonization

the ability of democracy to prosper in newly independent nations

the direct involvement of America in African decolonization

the beginning of African decolonization

how uninterested European powers were in their African colonies

Correct answer:

the beginning of African decolonization

Explanation:

Leader Dr Kwame Nkrumah eventually named himself President for Life in Ghana a few years after independence. Ghana was a former-British colony, and European powers had mixed feelings about their imperial holdings and were not often eager to let them go (see, for instance: Algeria and Kenya). America played less of a role in Ghanan independence, but they did send congratulations to Ghana once they achieved it. 

Ghana was the first of the European African colonies to gain independence in the era of decolonization that began after World War II. 

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