SAT II US History : Summary of U.S. Social History from 1790 to 1898

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

"The aristocracies of the old world are based upon birth, wealth, refinement, education, nobility, brave deeds of chivalry; in this nation, on sex alone; exalting brute force above moral power, vice above virtue, ignorance above education, and the son above the mother who bore him."

This quote most likely reprsents the view of...

Possible Answers:
Frederick Douglas
Abraham Lincoln
Susan B. Anthony
Sojourner Truth
Violent Markham
Correct answer: Susan B. Anthony
Explanation:

The quote appears in a text issued by National Woman Suffrage Association, in the late Nineteenth Century. It has been variously attributed to both Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, although most historians maintain that Susan B. Anthony is the most likely candidate. Susan B. Anthony was an extremely prominent figure in the fight for Universal Suffrage, in particular female suffrage. She began campaigning before the Civil War and was famously arrested in 1872 for voting in the Presidential Election. Susan B. Anthony would die, aged 86, in 1906 - fourteen years before the passage of Nineteenth Amendment which forever guaranteed women in the United States equal voting rights as men. 

Example Question #2 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

What was the purpose of the poll tax in the Reconstruction-Era South?

Possible Answers:

To remove the previous literary obstacles to political participation

To provide financial support for the growing reconstruction political parties

To reduce the ability of the South to compete with the North in Congress

To limit the political participation of African Americans

To ensure that all voters had properly considered the direction of their participation

Correct answer:

To limit the political participation of African Americans

Explanation:

In the United States, during the Reconstruction Era, the South passed a series of Jim Crow laws, which were designed to resist the integration of freed slaves into the political and social process. Included amongst these was the Grandfather Clause and the Literary requirements, which imposed restrictions on who could vote and who could not. Both were designed to prevent blacks from voting. The poll tax was similarly designed to prevent African-Americans from voting. It required a small payment to be made in order to vote, which had the effect of disenfranchising African-Americans, Native Americans, and poor whites. Poll taxes were not deemed unconstitutional until the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. 

Example Question #3 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

Who was responsible for establishing humane hospitals for people with mental diseases?

Possible Answers:

Jane Addams

Dorothea Dix 

Margaret Sanger

Ida Tarbell 

Booker T. Washington 

Correct answer:

Dorothea Dix 

Explanation:

Dorothea Dix was a very famous female American activist who campaigned heavily for the humane and conscientious treatment of individuals with mental disabilities. She lobbied state and national institutions throughout the antebellum era and successfully created the first ever American insane asylums. 

Example Question #4 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

What name was given to the volunteer cavalry organized by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish-American War?

Possible Answers:

The Texas Rangers

The Rough Riders 

The Mountain Men

The American Eagles

The Kentucky Wildcats

Correct answer:

The Rough Riders 

Explanation:

The Rough Riders is the name given to a volunteer cavalry organization that was organized by Theodore Roosevelt and Colonel Leonard Wood during the Spanish-American War and the conflict for Cuban independence. They were one of several volunteer organizations that President McKinley set up to help remedy the deficiency of manpower available to the United States military—in the years following the Civil War there was a chronic shortage of men willing to serve in the armed forces. The group was mostly organized in the south and southwest, consisting of men and college-aged boys from Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. The Rough Riders were one of the few volunteer organizations to see action in the conflict, fighting in numerous battles, including the battle of San Juan Hill. 

Example Question #5 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

Roger Williams founded the colony of __________.

Possible Answers:

Delaware

Plymouth

Rhode Island

Massachusetts Bay

Connecticut

Correct answer:

Rhode Island

Explanation:

Roger Williams was a puritan clergyman who came early to Massachusetts Bay Colony, in February of 1631. Almost instantly, Williams' radical egalitarian theology and politics aroused the ire of Boston's leading citizens. He became a complete separatist, advocating for the cutting off of the "true church" from the Church of England. Massachusetts Bay's leaders exiled Williams from Boston, and initially went north to the small Salem colony, but also had to leave there. Eventually, Williams went south to the are now known as Rhode Island, and established a colony truly based on religious freedom, and offered asylum there to any people fleeing religious persecution.

Example Question #6 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

Which of these was not one of the “Five Civilized Tribes”?

Possible Answers:

Seminole 

Lakota

Cherokee

Choctaw

Creek 

Correct answer:

Lakota

Explanation:

The “Five Civilized Tribes” were the Cherokee, Seminole, Choctaw, Creek, and Chickasaw. They were so-called by European settlers and the citizens of the early American republic because they were willing to adopt European customs and maintained generally peaceful relations with the settlers. The Lakota tribe resided in what is now modern day North and South Dakota and throughout the nineteenth century fought occasional conflicts with the United States Army. 

Example Question #7 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

The “Trail of Tears” occurred during the Presidency of __________.

Possible Answers:

James Madison 

John Tyler 

John Quincy Adams

George Washington 

Andrew Jackson

Correct answer:

Andrew Jackson

Explanation:

The Trail of Tears is the name usually given to the forced relocation of several Native American populations from the Southeastern United States to what is now Oklahoma. It followed the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson. Many Native Americans suffered from disease and starvation during the trail, hence the name “Trail of Tears.”

Example Question #8 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

According to Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth,                  .

Possible Answers:

success and wealth are predetermined by God

hard work and perseverance are necessary for the individual to succeed

the wealthy have a duty to redistribute excess money to the poor 

women should be given full equality in the work place

the Industrial Revolution was deeply harmful to society

Correct answer:

the wealthy have a duty to redistribute excess money to the poor 

Explanation:

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish immigrant who arrived in America in 1848 and built one of the largest companies of the nineteenth century. He sold the Carnegie Steel Company to J.P. Morgan at the turn of the century and retired to a life of philanthropy. In his article Gospel of Wealth, Carnegie argues that it is the duty of the newly-made wealthy industrial class to redistribute their riches back to the poor. Carnegie focused his energy on educational institutions—particularly schools, libraries, research centers, and universities. 

Example Question #9 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

The term "Bleeding Kansas" generally refers to __________.

Possible Answers:

the forced resettlement of Native American tribes to Kansas.

the difficult portion of the Oregon Trail through present day Kansas.

the conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas in the 1850s.

guerilla raids into Kansas during the later years of the Civil War.

the outlaw culture that developed on the frontier in the aftermath of the Civil War.

Correct answer:

the conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas in the 1850s.

Explanation:

In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act became law and decreed that the residents of the Kansas and Nebraska Territories could vote whether to enter the Union as free or slave states. In the immediate aftermath of the bill, large groups of both pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers moved to the Kansas Territory. For the next 6 years, Kansas saw a variety of violent conflicts and political maneuvers over the issue. Eventually, Kansas entered the Union as a free state in January of 1861, three months before the Civil War started at Fort Sumter.

Example Question #10 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

The population growth of the United States from 1790 to 1820 was almost entirely the result of what?

Possible Answers:

Immigration from East Asia

Internal population growth

Immigration from Eastern Europe

Immigration from Southern Europe

The addition of new territories

Correct answer:

Internal population growth

Explanation:

The doubling of the U.S. population from 1790 to 1820 was primarily the result of reproduction. It was not until after the early 1820s that immigration numbers began to dramatically increase.

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