SAT II US History : Representative Viewpoints in U.S. Foreign Policy from 1790 to 1898

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

“Great is the guilt of an unnecessary war.”

Which United States President most likely spoke these words?

Possible Answers:

John Adams

James Madison 

Andrew Jackson

James K. Polk

George Washington 

Correct answer:

John Adams

Explanation:

The above quote was spoken by President John Adams. During his Presidential administration many people were clamoring for war with France—the XYZ Affair had offended American national sensibilities, and many politicians in particular felt that warfare was necessary to restore national honor. Adams resisted this feeling though, steadfastly refusing to sacrifice American boys for an unnecessary war.

Example Question #2 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

What was the chief aim of the James Monroe Administration in establishing the Monroe Doctrine?

Possible Answers:

To prevent European powers from interfering in the domestic politics of newly independent Latin American states

To promote British interests against the overwhelming Spanish influence throughout Latin America

To promote American business interests across Latin America

To foster more cordial relations with the significant European powers of the time

To interfere in the domestic politics of newly independent Latin American states

Correct answer:

To prevent European powers from interfering in the domestic politics of newly independent Latin American states

Explanation:

President James Monroe elucidated what became known as the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 during his seventh State of the Union Address. Worried about European colonial powers desiring to either retake their newly independent former possessions in Latin America or to promote their own interests, Monroe vowed that the United States would intervene on behalf of the newly independent states. The actual Monroe Doctrine was largely authored by John Quincy Adams, Monroe's Secretary of State and successor as President in 1825.

Example Question #2 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

"The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power."

The given quote describes which foreign policy ideal?

Possible Answers:

The Special Relationship

Isolationism

The Monroe Doctrine

Filibustering

Manifest Destiny

Correct answer:

The Monroe Doctrine

Explanation:

The Monroe Doctrine was first stated by President James Monroe in his seventh State of the Union address to Congress in 1823. Written by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the Monroe Doctrine was crafted in response to Latin American revolutionary movements against European colonial powers. The Monroe Doctrine forcefully argued that it was in America's best interests to assist Latin American nations whose sovereignty was threatened by European nations.

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