SAT II US History : How to find sequence for political history 1790-1898

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

What was the significance of The Revolution of 1800?

Possible Answers:
All of the those mentioned were true and significant
It represented a shift in political ideology, from Federalism to Democratic-Republicanism
It re-affirmed the Universal Suffrage of all white men
It Signaled the end of the Democratic-Republican party as a major force in United States’ politics
It ushered in another term for President John Adams
Correct answer: It represented a shift in political ideology, from Federalism to Democratic-Republicanism
Explanation:

The Presidential Election of 1800, also called The Revolution of 1800, was important for a number of reasons. The only true answer choice here though is that it represented a shift from the Federalist Party to the Democratic - Republican Party. It was the beginning of the end for the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republicans would hold power for several years to come. The election was also notable for exposing one of the flaws of the original Constitution; Because Electors were instructed to cast their vote for two separate candidates the result was both Jefferson and Burr gaining the exact same number of votes. It took thirty-six polls before Jefferson was finally elected President, and Burr Vice-President. Following this election the Twelfth Amendment was passed to instruct electors to make a clear distinction between their choice for President and for Vice-President.

Example Question #2 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

Which of the following events did NOT occur during the Andrew Jackson administration?

Possible Answers:

The social ostracizing of Secretary of War John H. Eaton and his wife Margaret O’Neill Eaton by Vice President John C. Calhoun and his wife Floride Calhoun due to the Eatons’ perceived violation of social norms in their marriage.

The forced removal of the Cherokees from their traditional lands in North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia to Indian Territory (modern day Oklahoma)

The dismissal of many Federal employees and replacing them with party loyalists

The annexation of the Republic of Texas as a slave state, forcing new legislative compromises on slavery, and the Mexican-American War

The rescinding of the charter for the Bank of the United States

Correct answer:

The annexation of the Republic of Texas as a slave state, forcing new legislative compromises on slavery, and the Mexican-American War

Explanation:

The Annexation of Texas occurred in 1845, eight years after Jackson left the White House, during the Administration of James Polk.  Every other answer choice is a real event that DID occur during Jackson’s administration.

Example Question #3 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

Abraham Lincoln began his political career as a member of which party?

Possible Answers:
Whig
Republican
Federalist
Democratic
Know Nothing
Correct answer: Whig
Explanation:

While Abraham Lincoln ran as the Republican candidate in 1860, he was leading a new coalition devoted to anti-slavery principles.  The Republican Party was formed by Free Soil Democrats, Union Democrats, and Northern Whigs, including Lincoln.

Example Question #4 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

On December 20th, 1860, this southern state became the first to secede from the Union.

Possible Answers:

Georgia

South Carolina

Virginia

North Carolina

Alabama

Correct answer:

South Carolina

Explanation:

South Carolina was the first state to vote to secede from the Union, and the first state to actually secede.  It was re-admitted to the United States on June 25th, 1868.

Example Question #5 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

Which of the following states did not join the Union during the Presidency of George Washington?

Possible Answers:

Louisiana

Kentucky

Vermont

Ohio

Tennessee

Correct answer:

Louisiana

Explanation:

During the Presidency of George Washington, Americans rapidly began to settle westwards, expanding the new nation at a startling rate. Kentucky, Tennessee, Vermont, and Ohio were all added to the Union during Washington’s term in office. The Mississippi river became the nation’s western boundary. Louisiana did not become a part of the Union until after the Louisiana Purchase, which took place during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. 

Example Question #6 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

Who was the first African-American elected to the United States Congress?

Possible Answers:

W.E.B. Dubois

John Willis Menard 

Stephen Douglas

Marcus Garvey

Booker T. Washington

Correct answer:

John Willis Menard 

Explanation:

Following the end of the Civil War, and the issuing of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, African-Americans were now free to vote and hold office. The first African-American to be elected was John Willis Menard. He was elected to the House of Representatives from the state of Louisiana in 1868. His election caused a great deal of outrage, but he did become the first black man to address Congress in 1869. The first African-American woman to be elected to the United States Congress was Shirley Chisholm, who was elected a whole century later, in 1968.

Example Question #7 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

Which state was the first to secede from the Union following the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860?

Possible Answers:

North Carolina

Virginia

Georgia

South Carolina

Texas

Correct answer:

South Carolina

Explanation:

While all five answer choices are states that eventually seceded from the union and joined the Confederacy, South Carolina moved first, holding their Secession Convention in December of 1860.  In order, the states that seceded from the Union were  South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

Example Question #8 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

What was the importance of “Sherman’s March to the Sea”?

Possible Answers:

It encouraged the support of the French against the British in the Revolutionary War.

It heavily damaged Northern industry during the Civil War.

It helped the Union gain control of the Mississippi during the Civil War.

It reduced the ability of the British to utilize naval warfare in the Revolutionary War.

It severely weakened the South towards the end of the Civil War.

Correct answer:

It severely weakened the South towards the end of the Civil War.

Explanation:

“Sherman’s March to the Sea” is the name given to the campaign waged by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman in Georgia, towards the end of the Civil War. Sherman marched his troops from Atlanta to Savannah over a one-month period. Sherman and his army destroyed Southern industry, agriculture and civilian property in a campaign historians refer to as total war. It is believed that “Sherman’s March to the Sea” contributed to the decline in Southern morale and its ability to wage war in 1864 and 1865.

Example Question #9 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

The Battle of New Orleans, in 1812                      .

Possible Answers:

resulted in a British victory, but encouraged both sides to reach a negotiated peace

occurred after the war officially ended, but elicited a positive national response nonetheless 

led to an immediate American surrender 

encouraged President Madison to continue the war effort

ended the War of 1812 and made Andrew Jackson a national hero

Correct answer:

occurred after the war officially ended, but elicited a positive national response nonetheless 

Explanation:

The Battle of New Orleans was fought between British forces and the Americans, led by Andrew Jackson. The Americans achieved a decisive victory that elicited a positive response of patriotic feeling and propelled Andrew Jackson to the status of a war hero. Unfortunately for posterity’s sake, the Battle occurred five days after the War of 1812 had officially ended; however, in that time, when news travelled reasonably slowly, the announcement of victory in New Orleans and the announcement of a signed peace occurred almost simultaneously. This gave the impression to many Americans that Jackson and his troops had ended the war and achieved American victory.

Example Question #10 : How To Find Sequence For Political History 1790 1898

All of the following states entered the union before the Civil War except __________.

Possible Answers:

Nebraska

Nevada

California

Kansas

Oregon

Correct answer:

Nevada

Explanation:

In the 1840s and 1850s, a large westward migration happened across the North American continent. Settlers moved into the Great Plains for its farmlands beginning in the 1830s, and the Oregon Trail allowed settlers to make it to the Pacific Coast shortly thereafter. The 1848 discovery of Gold in California set off another major wave Westward. Kansas and Nebraska were allowed in to the Union in the 1850s under great controversy around slavery, setting the stage for the Civil War. California joined the Union in 1850 as a free state, with Oregon following nine years later, also as a free state. Nevada was brought into the Union during the War, as a free state, but also because its vast silver and gold mining provided valuable resources to the Union.

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