SAT II US History : Facts and Details in U.S. Political History from 1790 to 1898

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

James Bowie and Davy Crockett died during what battle waged from February 23rd to March 6th of 1836 near modern-day San Antonio, Texas?

Possible Answers:

The Battle of the Alamo

The Battle of San Jacinto

Custer's Last Stand

The Battle of Antietam

The Battle of Little Bighorn

Correct answer:

The Battle of the Alamo

Explanation:

During the Texas Revolution, Mexican General Santa Anna laid siege to the Alamo Mission for a period of 13 days before finally launching an attack killing all of the Texian defenders.  "Remember the Alamo" became a rallying cry for the Texians inspiring their eventual victory over the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Example Question #2 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

1.       One result of the Missouri Compromise was?

Possible Answers:

Missouri would be given to the Indian nations

All new states created by the Louisiana Purchase that were North of the Southern border of Missouri would be free states

The United States gained Missouri as a new territory

Missouri was denied joining the Union as a slave state

Missouri would be admitted as a slave state making more slave states than free in the union

Correct answer:

All new states created by the Louisiana Purchase that were North of the Southern border of Missouri would be free states

Explanation:

The Missouri Compromise stated that Missouri would be admitted as a slave state and Maine would be admitted as free in order to keep a balance between states. It also stated that new states admitted out of the Louisiana Purchase would be free if they were north of the Southern border of Missouri.

Example Question #2 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Referred to as “Alphabet Soup” agencies such as, the SEC, FHA, and TVA were created under the presidency of?

Possible Answers:

Dwight Eisenhower

Franklin Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover

Theodore Roosevelt

Harry Truman

Correct answer:

Franklin Roosevelt

Explanation:

Franklin Roosevelt. The agencies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission were created out of the New Deal legislation during FDR’s presidency.

Example Question #2 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

The Emancipation Proclamation had what effect on slaves in Border Slave States that remained loyal to the Union?

Possible Answers:

Allowed slave owners to keep only 10 or fewer slaves.

Gave slave owners a one year period to free slaves on their own before slavery was abolished in America.

Immediately freed all slaves held in Border States.

None, as the Proclamation only affected states “in open rebellion.”

Made slaves in Border States easier to loan for work needed by people other than their masters.

Correct answer:

None, as the Proclamation only affected states “in open rebellion.”

Explanation:

The Emancipation Proclamation only abolished slavery in territories currently held by the Confederacy, and would free those slaves when the territories were conquered by the Union army, and was issued in the middle of the war on New Year’s 1863.  The Proclamation’s lack of attention to the Border Slave States necessitated the Thirteenth Amendment, which banned slavery throughout the nation, in 1865.

Example Question #3 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

According to the Emancipation Proclamation slaves were to be made "forever free" in which of the following areas?

Possible Answers:

Confederate territory still in rebellion

All territory controlled by the Union Army

All territory controlled by the Confederate Army

The Border States

All of the United States

Correct answer:

Confederate territory still in rebellion

Explanation:

In his initial Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln specifically made slaves free only in territories that were still in open rebellion against the Union. The primary reason for doing so was Lincoln's pragmatic desire not to alienate those slave-owning territories and individuals that were fighting on behalf of the Union. However, the issuing of the Proclamation set the cause in motion and with the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, at the end of the war, slavery was declared unconstitutional in all United States territory. 

Example Question #4 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Which of these states was not one of the original seven states to secede from the Union?

Possible Answers:
Mississippi
South Carolina
Georgia
Kentucky
Texas
Correct answer: Kentucky
Explanation:

In December of 1860, following the election of Abraham Lincoln, the governing body of South Carolina voted unanimously for secession. Soon after, in early 1861, Texas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, North Carolina, Lousiana, Mississippi, Virginia, Arkansas and Tennessee followed suit. Secession recieved the majority of popular support in the states of Missouri and Kentucky, but their pro-Union governments prevented this from happening. Lincoln declared the secession legally "void" and thus began the Civil War. 

Example Question #5 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Which of the following was NOT a major component of Henry Clay’s American System?

Possible Answers:
An increased amount of tariffs
Support for the Bank of the United States
Maintaining high public land prices
Expansion of slavery throughout the west
Support for internal improvements such as canals and railroads
Correct answer: Expansion of slavery throughout the west
Explanation:

Henry Clay’s American System was a wide ranging economic plan developed and advocated by Clay throughout the 1820s while he was a member of the House of Representatives and the Senate.  The key features were attempts to actively promote economic activities through raising revenues with tariffs and land prices, and economic improvements like the Bank of the United States and building canals and railroads.

Example Question #6 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Which of the following slave states did not secede from the Union and join the Confederacy?

Possible Answers:
Georgia
South Carolina
Florida
Texas
Kentucky
Correct answer: Kentucky
Explanation:

 Four slave states remained in the Union during the secession crisis of 1860-1861, all of which were the most northern states.  The deep south states were the first states to secede, but Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and Delaware all remained in the Union despite being slave states.

Example Question #7 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Which of the following men was NOT a target of the assassination plot carried out in April of 1865?

Possible Answers:
Ulysses S. Grant
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
James Garfield
William Seward
Correct answer: James Garfield
Explanation:

The plot to assassinate Lincoln was a broad plan by John Wilkes Booth to destabilize the Federal government and rally the fading Confederate cause after Lee's Surrender.  Booth himself planned to kill both Lincoln and Grant at the same time, while he sent co-conspirators to kill Secretary of State Seward and Vice President Johnson.  Lincoln ended up being the only person killed in the plot, while Seward was severely injured in a knife attack.

Example Question #8 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Who was the first, and only, President of the Confederate States of America?

Possible Answers:
Charles Sumner
Abraham Lincoln
Stephen Douglas
Jefferson Davis
Robert E. Lee
Correct answer: Jefferson Davis
Explanation:

Before the Civil War, Jefferson Davis served as a Congressman for the state of Mississippi, and, initially opposed secession from the Union. However, once the Confederate States were formed he was elected without opposition to the position of President. It was an office he would serve for the entirety of the existence of the Confederate States. Historians generally agree that Davis was an ineffectual war-time leader and credit his limited economic understanding with the rapid inflation and impoverishment experienced in the South during the Civil War. Immediately following the war Davis was widely disgraced and disparaged, however in the years since he has regained something of an iconic status among many Southerners, who revere his defiance and war-time spirit. 

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