SAT II US History : Facts and Details in U.S. Foreign Policy from 1790 to 1898

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

The American military took possession of the Phillipines during which conflict?

Possible Answers:
Spanish-American War
Korean War
World War II
The US Invasion of Panama
World War I
Correct answer: Spanish-American War
Explanation:

The Spanish-American War was fought simultaneously against Spanish possessions in the Caribbean and the Pacific.  Claiming to defend Filipino rebels, the United States invaded the Philippines and fought the Spanish there, soundly defeating them.  From 1899-1914, the US fought the very Filipino insurgents they were claiming to defend in their invasion in 1898.

Example Question #2 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

Introduced on December 2, 1823, this American foreign policy stated that attempts by European nations to establish colonies or impact the affairs of countries in South or North America would be judged as aggressive acts, requiring United States response.  What was the name of this policy?

Possible Answers:
The Monroe Doctrine
The American Assertion
The Interventionist Policy
The Marshall Doctrine
The Western Hemisphere Ultimatum
Correct answer: The Monroe Doctrine
Explanation:

First stated by President James Monroe, the Monroe Doctrine became a long-standing tenet of American foreign policy.

Example Question #3 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

The Adams-Onis Treaty gave the United States control over which territory?

Possible Answers:

California

Florida

Puerto Rico

Maine

Oregon

Correct answer:

Florida

Explanation:

The Adams-Onis Treaty, signed in 1819, ceded control of Florida from Spain to the United States. In addition, it settled the boundary dispute between the furthest western settlements of the United States, in what is now Texas, with the viceroyalty of New Spain, (now Mexico). The Treaty is generally considered to be the close of the first wave of American expansion; it was not universally respected, however, and many western Americans refused to recognize its legitimacy—continuing to settle in the territory west of the boundaries drawn up: in modern-day New Mexico and Colorado. 

Example Question #4 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

From what European country did the United States buy Florida?

Possible Answers:

Portugal

Spain

England

France

The Netherlands

Correct answer:

Spain

Explanation:

In 1819, the United States bought Florida from Spain in the Adams-Onis Treaty.

Example Question #5 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

The Rush-Bagot Agreement               .

Possible Answers:

Failed to pass Congress and lead to a massive militarization of the Great Lakes region

Returned the relations between Britain and the United States to the pre-war status quo

Ceded control of Maine to the United States

Ceded control of the Oregon territory to the United States

Stated that the region between the United States and British North America would be heavily demilitarized 

Correct answer:

Stated that the region between the United States and British North America would be heavily demilitarized 

Explanation:

The Rush-Bagot Treaty was a demilitarization treaty signed between Great Britain and the United States following the end of the War of 1812. It forbade the maintenance of more than a few naval ships on the Great Lakes territory between the United States and British North America. As importantly, it laid the foundation for a future agreement to be reached with Canada that has ensured that the northern border of the United States has remained demilitarized for two centuries.

Example Question #6 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

What Civil War General was first offered the position of Supreme Commander of the Army of the United States at the outbreak of the Civil War?

Possible Answers:

Robert E. Lee

George Meade

William T. Sherman

George Thomas

Ulysses S. Grant

Correct answer:

Robert E. Lee

Explanation:

Robert E, Lee was uneasy about secession throughout the crisis that developed following Abraham Lincoln's election, and was not sure about joining the Confederacy.  Lee was offered command of the United States Army before his home state of Virginia seceded, which caused him to join the Confederacy.  All of the other answer choices were Union generals who would come to prominence later in the war.

Example Question #7 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

What was the derogatory name given to the 1867 purchase of Alaska by the U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward from the Russians?

Possible Answers:

Seward's Shame

The Russians' Gain

Seward's Folly

The Arctic Calamity

The Alaskan Mistake

Correct answer:

Seward's Folly

Explanation:

William H. Seward's detractors believed that the Alaska Purchase was a great mistake, calling it Seward's Folly. 

Example Question #8 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

In 1846, the Oregon Treaty fixed the U.S. border with which country at the 49th parallel?

Possible Answers:

Mexico

Russia

Cuba

Canada

The Bahamas

Correct answer:

Canada

Explanation:

In 1846, the Oregon Treaty fixed the U.S. border with Canada at the 49th parallel.

Example Question #9 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

The Battle of Little Bighorn was fought between __________.

Possible Answers:

the Western lawman Pat Garrett and outlaws led by Billy the Kid

pro-Confederate guerillas led by William Anderson and pro-union forces in Missouri

the Roughriders led by Teddy Roosevelt and the Army of the Empire of Spain

the Nauvoo Legion Mormon militia led by Joseph Smith and the State of Illinois' militia

U.S. Army Calvary led by General George Armstrong Custer and a federation of Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors led by Crazy Horse

Correct answer:

U.S. Army Calvary led by General George Armstrong Custer and a federation of Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors led by Crazy Horse

Explanation:

The Battle of Little Bighorn was the most decisive victory by Native American tribes against the United States Army. General George Armstrong Custer led his 7th Cavalry across the northern Great Plains throughout early 1876, trying to corral various tribes onto reservations.  On June 25, Custer came upon a large united force of Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors, and the 7th Cavalry was decimated. Custer and all of his officers were killed.  In the aftermath of Little Bighorn, the US Army greatly expanded its efforts against Native American tribes, and began a more concentrated effort to relocate tribes to reservations.

Example Question #10 : Facts And Details In U.S. Foreign Policy From 1790 To 1898

Generals Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor were the heroes of __________.

Possible Answers:

the Spanish American War

the Mexican American War

the American Civil War

the War of 1812

the French and Indian War

Correct answer:

the Mexican American War

Explanation:

The Mexican-American War was controversially started after the United States annexed the Republic of Texas in 1845. Despite large swaths of opposition, the U.S. Army quickly dominated the Mexican Army. The U.S. conquered present day New Mexico, Arizona, and California, and then proceeded all the way to Mexico City. The Army's commanders, Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, quickly became national heroes, and were given the nicknames of "Old Rough and Ready" and "Old Fuss and Feathers." Taylor would be elected President in 1848, and died in office in 1850. Scott was commander of the Armed Forces until the Civil War.

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