SAT II US History : Facts and Details in Social History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1

Example Question #1 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following colonies was not first settled by people of English descent?

Possible Answers:
Georgia
Connecticut
Massachusetts
Virginia
New York
Correct answer: New York
Explanation:

New York was originally called New Amsterdam when it was established by the Dutch in 1614.  Surrounded by English settlements, the small colony was taken by the English in 1664 and rechristened New York.

Example Question #2 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Founded in 1607, this was the first permanent English settlement in the New World.

Possible Answers:

Boston

Charleston

Plymouth

Jamestown

New York

Correct answer:

Jamestown

Explanation:

The first permanent English settlement in the New World was Jamestown.  Plymouth, Massachusetts was founded in 1620.

Example Question #3 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which European first discovered and crossed the Mississippi River?

Possible Answers:

Vasco Nunez del Balboa

Hernando de Soto 

Juan Ponce de Leon 

Hernan Cortes 

Francisco Pizarro 

Correct answer:

Hernando de Soto 

Explanation:

Hernando de Soto is the first European known to have discovered and crossed the Mississippi River. His expedition ranged across the southeastern and western United States. He was searching primarily for gold, like many Spanish explorers of the time. The motivation for Spanish exploration is often illustrated by historians with the simple phrase “God, glory, and gold.” God—the desire to spread Christianity to Native populations. Glory—the desire to make a name for oneself back in Spain. Gold—the desire for wealth. It is important to remember these three primary motivations as they explain the actions of many European explorers at the time.

Example Question #4 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What was the first European community established in the territory now called the United States?

Possible Answers:

Roanoke

St. Augustine 

Jamestown

Santa Fe

Plymouth

Correct answer:

St. Augustine 

Explanation:

The city of St. Augustine was established in 1565, in what is now Florida. For many years prior the French and Spanish had tried and failed to establish a European community in Florida, Georgia and elsewhere. The city began life as a base from which the Spanish could combat both piracy and the French. After a shipment of slaves arrived the community grew at a reasonably fast rate.

Example Question #5 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following original states did not permit slavery in its borders in 1789?

Possible Answers:

New York

Delaware

Massachusetts

New Jersey

Maryland

Correct answer:

Massachusetts

Explanation:

Slavery was fairly widespread in the American colonies before the American Revolution.  Great Britain did not allow slavery until the early ninteenth century, and each colony got to decide its own laws about slavery. Slavery had become much more widespread on Southern plantations, and developed more strongly there. In the north, only a few states completely banned slavery. New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut all slowly outlawed slavery shortly after the Revolution. Massachusetts and Pennsylvania were the most notable large states to have never allowed slavery.

Example Question #6 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The practice of primogeniture                          .

Possible Answers:

encourages the spread of democratic ideals

gives the right of inheritance solely to the firstborn son

encourages the confiscation of Native American lands

designates Africans as the lowest group in the racial hierarchy 

awards government jobs on the basis of personal favor

Correct answer:

gives the right of inheritance solely to the firstborn son

Explanation:

The term "primogeniture" refers to the practice of awarding all lands, titles, and finances that can be inherited solely to the firstborn son. It was practiced for hundreds of years in Europe and passed as an ideology into the nascent United States. In his important literary work, Democracy in America,Alexis de Tocqueville argues that the abolition of primogeniture would cause land to be spread much more evenly across society, encourage the overthrow of the established order, and spread democracy.

Example Question #7 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What is the nickname given to the late-sixteenth-century English settlement on Roanoke Island, in present-day North Carolina, which disappeared during the Anglo-Spanish War?

Possible Answers:

The Vanishing Roanoke

The Missing Colony

The Victims' Colony

The Dispersed

The Lost Colony

Correct answer:

The Lost Colony

Explanation:

The nickname is "The Lost Colony." To this day, the colony's disappearance remains inexplicable.

Example Question #893 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

The only one of the following colonies that did not support a Protestant church was __________.

Possible Answers:

New York

Connecticut

Massachusetts

Virginia

Pennsylvania

Correct answer:

Pennsylvania

Explanation:

Almost all of the colonies were directly linked at a governmental level to a specific church.  The two exceptions to this were Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, which both intentionally separated the church from the governmental structure, and provided religious freedom to anyone who wanted to come to the colony. In Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, and Maine, the Congregational Church, the sucessor to the separatist groups that founded New England, was the official church. In New York, Virginia, both Carolinas, and Georgia, the offical Anglican Church, headed by the British Crown, dominated.  Maryland was set up by Catholics, but still run by Anglicans.

Example Question #8 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The earliest permanent settlement by Europeans on the present day United States was achieved by __________.

Possible Answers:

the Kingdom of Naples

the Kingdom of France

the Spanish Empire

the Kingdom of Portugal

the United Kingdom of Great Britain

Correct answer:

the Spanish Empire

Explanation:

After Columbus' initial voyages in the 1490s, most European powers came to America in an age of exploration. The Spanish were still the leaders in settlement. While their initial efforts did focus on Central and South America, and the conquest and subjugation of the Aztec and Inca Empires, the Spanish also went into North America. The Spanish established a fort and mission at St. Augustine, Florida, in 1565.

Example Question #895 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

The colony of Maryland was initially established as a haven for __________

Possible Answers:

Catholics.

Puritans.

Quakers.

Anglicans.

Mennonites.

Correct answer:

Catholics.

Explanation:

The Colony of Maryland was first established by George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore, through a Royal Charter from Charles I in 1629. Calvert, a Catholic himself, felt a New World colony was the best place to establish a refuge for increasingly beleaguered English Catholics. The colony was not formally settled until 1634, and provided toleration for Catholics. Maryland remained a home for Catholics, but also was beset by unfriendly neighboring Anglicans in Virginia.

← Previous 1
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: