SAT II US History : Cause and Effect in U.S. Social History from 1899 to the Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Cause And Effect In U.S. Social History From 1899 To The Present

“How you gonna keep them down on the farm after they have seen Paris?”

The above quote likely refers to                .

Possible Answers:

the growth in atheism and agnosticism.

the decline of American agriculture due to foreign competition.

the social upheaval that followed the women’s liberation movement.

the desire to re-segregate the South.

the difficulty for American men trying to reintegrate into society after World War I.

Correct answer:

the difficulty for American men trying to reintegrate into society after World War I.

Explanation:

The quote refers to the difficulty of American men to reintegrate into society following World War I. The majority of Americans in that era had never been more than a few hundred miles from their homes, let alone across continents. In addition, many men suffered from extreme trauma from the events they witnessed and participated in. A lot of jobs had been taken up by women, in the absence of male workers, and post-war society faced the problem of how to resolve this disparity.

Example Question #2 : Cause And Effect In U.S. Social History From 1899 To The Present

The massive increase in underground crime syndicates during the 1920s is largely attributable to which Constitutional amendment?

Possible Answers:

The Seventeenth Amendment's guarantee of direct election of senators

The Eighteenth Amendment's prohibition of alcohol possession and sales

None of the other answers

The Sixteenth Amendment's imposition of a federal income tax

The Nineteenth Amendment's guarantee of women's suffrage

Correct answer:

The Eighteenth Amendment's prohibition of alcohol possession and sales

Explanation:

The Eighteenth Amendment was the culmination of a decades long temperance movement that sought to end all alcohol sales, distribution, and consumption in America.  Initially celebrated as a progressive victory, the legal enforcement of prohibition proved a nightmare, and legions of criminal gangs began to control the illegal alcohol sales.  The Eighteenth Amendment was repealed by the Twenty First Amendment in 1933.

Example Question #3 : Cause And Effect In U.S. Social History From 1899 To The Present

Which court case struck down the doctrine of "separate but equal" in the field of public education?

Possible Answers:

Plessy v. Ferguson

 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Marbury v. Madison

Loving v. Virginia

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Correct answer:

 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Explanation:

In Brown, Chief Justice Earl Warren expressed that in the arena of public education, "separate but equal" is inherently unequal, unfair, and unconstitutional. Plessy v. Ferguson is a prior case that upheld the "separate but equal" doctrine.

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