SAT II Math I : Diameter, Radius, and Circumference

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Math I

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Example Questions

Example Question #30 : 2 Dimensional Geometry

A barn manager has designed a circular enclosure with a circumference of 75.4 feet. She would like to order sand to fill the enclosure. If one unit of sand covers 27 square feet. How many units of sand will she need to order? Please round your answer up to the nearest whole unit.

Possible Answers:

16 units

16.75 units

452 sq ft

17 units

20 units

Correct answer:

17 units

Explanation:

First, you will need to work backward from the circumference to find the radius of the circular enclosure.

 

Now we know what the radius is, we can calculate the surface area of the floor of the enclosure. 

 

Finally, we need to find the number of units of sand needed to cover the floor of the enclosure. 

Because we need to round up to the nearest unit, the final is 17 units of sand. 

Example Question #1 : Diameter, Radius, And Circumference

Example circle

Find the diameter, circumference and area of the circle above.

Possible Answers:

Diameter= 6 ft

Circumference= 19 ft

Area= 30 ft2

Diameter= 3ft

Circumference=37.68 ft

Area= 28.7 ft2

Diameter= 6ft

Circumference=37.68 ft

Area= 28.27 ft2

Diameter= 9ft

Circumference=37.68 ft

Area= 28 ft2

Diameter= 6 ft

Circumference=18.84 ft

Area= 28.27 ft2

Correct answer:

Diameter= 6 ft

Circumference=18.84 ft

Area= 28.27 ft2

Explanation:

To find the diameter, you must know that radius is half the diameter (or the diameter is 2 times the radius.

The diameter is 6ft.

 

To find the circumference, you must multiply the diameter (6ft) by pi.

 

The circumference is 18.84 ft.

 

To find the surface area, you must aquare the radius (3ft) and multiply by pi.

The surface area is 28.27 ft2.

 

The diameter is 6ft, the circumference is 18.84 ft, and the surface area is 28.27 ft2.

Example Question #2 : Diameter, Radius, And Circumference

A circle has a diameter of 10cm. What is the circumference? 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The circumference of a circle is given by the equation:

The radius is half the diameter, in this case half of 10cm is 5cm

Plug in 5cm for r

Simplify to get the final answer

Example Question #3 : Diameter, Radius, And Circumference

If the diameter of a circle is , what is the area of the circle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Step 1: Recall the formula for an area of a circle...

.

Step 2: Given the diameter, find the radius..

We know that the diameter is twice the length of the radius...

Plug in  for :

Divide by 2:

Step 3: Now that we know the radius, plug the radius into the area formula..

Simplify:

Example Question #4 : Diameter, Radius, And Circumference

Determine the circumference of the circle with an area of .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Write the formula for the area of a circle.

Substitute the area.

Square root both sides to solve for radius.

Write the formula for circumference.

Substitute the radius.

The answer is:  

Example Question #5 : Diameter, Radius, And Circumference

Find the diameter of a circle if the circumference is .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Write the formula for the circumference of the circle.

Substitute the circumference into the equation.

Divide by pi on both sides to get the diameter.

The answer is:  

Example Question #6 : Diameter, Radius, And Circumference

Find the area of a circle if the circumference is .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Write the formula for the circumference of a circle.

Substitute the circumference.

Divide by  to isolate the .

The radius is:  

Write the formula for the area of the circle.

Substitute the radius.

The answer is:  

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