All PSAT Math Resources
Example Question #1 : Squares
ABCD and EFGH are squares such that the perimeter of ABCD is 3 times that of EFGH. If the area of EFGH is 25, what is the area of ABCD?
Assign variables such that
One side of ABCD = a
and One side of EFGH = e
Note that all sides are the same in a square. Since the perimeter is the sum of all sides, according to the question:
4a = 3 x 4e = 12e or a = 3e
From that area of EFGH is 25,
e x e = 25 so e = 5
Substitute a = 3e so a = 15
We aren’t done. Since we were asked for the area of ABCD, this is a x a = 225.
Example Question #302 : Plane Geometry
A square has an area of 36. If all sides are doubled in value, what is the new area?
Let S be the original side length. S*S would represent the original area. Doubling the side length would give you 2S*2S, simplifying to 4*(S*S), giving a new area of 4x the original, or 144.
Example Question #303 : Plane Geometry
If the perimeter of a square is equal to twice its area, what is the length of one of its sides?
Area of a square in terms of each of its sides:
Area = S x S
Perimeter of a square:
Perimeter = 4S
So if 'the perimeter of a square is equal to twice its area':
2 x Area = Perimeter
2 x [S x S] = [4S]; divide by 2:
S x S = 2S; divide by S:
S = 2
Example Question #2 : Squares
Freddie is building a square pen for his pig. He plans to buy x feet of fencing to build the pen. This will result in a pen with an area of p square feet. Unfortunately, he only has enough money to buy one third of the planned amount of fencing. Which expression represents the area of the pen he can build with this limited amount of fencing?
If Freddie uses x feet of fencing makes a square, each side must be x/4 feet long. The area of this square is (x/4)2 = x2/16 = p square feet.
If Freddie uses one third of x feet of fencing makes a square, each side must be x/12 feet long. The area of this square is (x/12)2 = x2/144 = 1/9(x2/16) = 1/9(p) = p/9 square feet.
The scale factor between the small perimeter and the larger perimeter = 1 : 3. Since we're comparing area, a two-dimensional measurement, we can square the scale factor and see that the ratio of the areas is 12 : 32 = 1 : 9.
Example Question #3 : How To Find The Area Of A Square
If the diagonal of a square measures , what is the area of the square?
This is an isosceles right triangle, so the diagonal must equal times the length of a side. Thus, one side of the square measures , and the area is equal to
Example Question #4 : How To Find The Area Of A Square
A square has side lengths of . A second square has side lengths of . How many can you fit in a single ?
The area of is , the area of is . Therefore, you can fit 5.06 in .
Example Question #4 : Squares
The perimeter of a square is If the square is enlarged by a factor of three, what is the new area?
The perimeter of a square is given by so the side length of the original square is The side of the new square is enlarged by a factor of 3 to give
So the area of the new square is given by .
Example Question #5 : Squares
A half circle has an area of . What is the area of a square with sides that measure the same length as the diameter of the half circle?
If the area of the half circle is , then the area of a full circle is twice that, or .
Use the formula for the area of a circle to solve for the radius:
36π = πr2
r = 6
If the radius is 6, then the diameter is 12. We know that the sides of the square are the same length as the diameter, so each side has length 12.
Therefore the area of the square is 12 x 12 = 144.