Precalculus : Graph Logarithms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Precalculus

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Graph Logarithms

What is the domain of the function 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The function  is undefined unless . Thus  is undefined unless  because the function has been shifted left. 

Example Question #2 : Graph Logarithms

What is the range of the function 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To find the range of this particular function we need to first identify the domain. Since  we know that  is a bound on our function.

From here we want to find the function value as  approaches .

To find this approximate value we will plug in  into our original function.

This is our lowest value we will obtain. As we plug in large values we get large function values.

Therefore our range is:

 

Example Question #3 : Graph Logarithms

Which of the following logarithmic functions match the provided diagram?

Varsity log graph

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Looking at the diagram, we can see that when . Since  represents the exponent and  represents the product, and any base with an exponent of 1 equals the base, we can determine the base to be 0.5. 

Example Question #4 : Graph Logarithms

Which of the following diagrams represents the graph of the following logarithmic function?

Possible Answers:

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Correct answer:

Varsity log graph

Explanation:

For ,  is the exponent of base 5 and  is the product. Therefore, when  and when . As a result, the correct graph will have  values of 5 and 125 at  and , respectively. 

Example Question #5 : Graph Logarithms

Which of the following diagrams matches the given logarithmic function:

Possible Answers:

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Varsity log graph

Correct answer:

Varsity log graph

Explanation:

For this function,  represents the exponent and y represents the product of the base 2 and its exponent. On the diagram, it is clear that as the  value increases, the  value increases exponentially and at , . Those two characteristics of the graph indicate that x is the exponent value and the base is equal to 2. 

Example Question #6 : Graph Logarithms

Which of the following logarithmic functions match the given diagram?

Varsity log graph

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Looking at the graph, the y-value diminishes exponentially as  decreases and increases rapidly as the x-value increases, which indicates that  is the exponent value for the equation.

Also,  when  and  when , which can be expressed as  and , respectively.

This indicates that the diagram is consistent with the function .

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