Precalculus : Find the Multiplicative Inverse of a Matrix

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Precalculus

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Find The Multiplicative Inverse Of A Matrix

What is the inverse of the following nxn matrix 

 

Possible Answers:

The matrix is not invertible.

Correct answer:

The matrix is not invertible.

Explanation:

Note the first and the last columns are equal.

Therefore, when we try to find the determinant using the following formula we get the determinant equaling 0:

This means simply, that the matrix does not have an inverse.

 

Example Question #2 : Find The Multiplicative Inverse Of A Matrix

Find the inverse of the matrix

.

Possible Answers:

Does not exist

Correct answer:

Does not exist

Explanation:

For a 2x2 matrix

the inverse can be found by 

Because the determinant is equal to zero in this problem, or

,

the inverse does not exist.

Example Question #3 : Find The Multiplicative Inverse Of A Matrix

Find the inverse of the matrix 

.

Possible Answers:

None of the other answers.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

There are a couple of ways to do this. I will use the determinant method.

First we need to find the determinant of this matrix, which is

 

for a matrix in the form:

 .

Substituting in our values we find the determinant to be:

Now one formula for finding the inverse of the matrix is

 

.

Example Question #4 : Find The Multiplicative Inverse Of A Matrix

Find the inverse of the matrix.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

We use the inverse of a 2x2 matrix formula to determine the answer. Given a matrix 

 it's inverse is given by the formula:

First we define the determinant of our matrix:

Then, 

 

Example Question #5 : Find The Multiplicative Inverse Of A Matrix

Find the inverse of the following matrix.

Possible Answers:

This matrix has no inverse.

Correct answer:

This matrix has no inverse.

Explanation:

This matrix has no inverse because the columns are not linearly independent. This means if you row reduce to try to compute the inverse, one of the rows will have only zeros, which means there is no inverse.

Example Question #6 : Find The Multiplicative Inverse Of A Matrix

Find the multiplicative inverse of the following matrix:

 

Possible Answers:

This matrix has no inverse.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

By writing the augmented matrix , and reducing the left side to the identity matrix, we can implement the same operations onto the right side, and we arrive at , with the right side representing the inverse of the original matrix.

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