Pre-Algebra : Volume of a Sphere

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Pre-Algebra

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Volume Of A Sphere

A certain children's basketball has a diameter of 6 inches.  What is the volume of the basketball?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Math involves a lot of formulas.  Unfortunately that means we either have to do some memorization or compile a really long list of formulas for reference.  Either way, a basketball is a sphere, which means we have to know the formula for the volume of a sphere to solve this problem.

 stands for volume, and  stands for radius.  Therefore, all we need to do is plug in the radius of the basketball and do a little calculation to find our answer.  The problem is that we do not have the radius.  All we have is a diameter.  But if we remember the relationship between diameters and radii (the plural of radius), we have nothing to fear.  The diameter is just twice as long as the radius.  That means that if our diameter is 6 inches, the radius is simply 3 inches.  Now that we have our radius, we are ready to plug and play.

Since our original unit was inches, and volume is always expressed in cubic units, our final answer is

Example Question #2 : Volume Of A Sphere

In terms of , give the volume, in cubic inches, of a spherical water tank with a diameter of 20 feet.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

20 feet =  inches, the diameter of the tank; half of this, or 120 inches, is the radius. Set , substitute in the volume formula, and solve for :

 cubic inches

Example Question #3 : Volume Of A Sphere

A sphere has diameter 3 meters. Give its volume in cubic centimeters (leave in terms of ).

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The diameter of 3 meters is equal to  centimeters; the radius is half this, or 150 centimeters. Substitute  in the volume formula:

 cubic centimeters

Example Question #4 : Volume Of A Sphere

A car dealership wants to fill a large spherical advertising ballon with helium. It can afford to buy 1,000 cubic yards of helium to fill this balloon. What is the greatest possible diameter of that balloon (nearest tenth of a yard)?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The volume of a sphere, given its radius, is 

Set , solve for , and double that to get the diameter.

The diameter is twice this, or 12.4 yards.

Example Question #5 : Volume Of A Sphere

The diameter of a sphere is . What is the volume of the sphere?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The formula for finding volume of a sphere is:

        

We are given the diameter, so to find radius we divide the diameter by :

We plug this radius into the formula:

 

 

 

Example Question #6 : Volume Of A Sphere

A hollow sphere has a diameter of 8 inches from the center of the sphere to the outermost shell. The shell of the sphere is 1 inch thick. What is the volume of the shell or wall of the sphere?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The questions asks the volume of the wall of the sphere only. Therefore it is necessary to find the total volume of the large sphere and subtract the volume of the inner sphere (formed by the wall) from it.

Volume of large sphere:

Volume of inner sphere:

The difference between the two volumes leaves only the volume of the wall of the sphere:

Example Question #7 : Volume Of A Sphere

Regulations for professional soccer state that the diameter of the ball must be 8.65 inches for a size 5 regulation ball. What is the volume of the soccer ball?

Possible Answers:

The answer is not present. 

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The volume of a sphere is given by . The problem listed the diameter of the ball. Half of this number is the radius. 

When using a calculator to solve these types of problems it is best to do the problem in chunks to avoid input errors. For instance find out what the value of the radius cubed is first. Then multiply the other terms. 

The units of volume are always cubed, not squared.

Example Question #8 : Volume Of A Sphere

Michelle plays softball for her high school. She is the only pitcher on the team. She is the only player that is guaranteed to touch the ball on every play. The problem is, her hands are not big enough to get a grip on the ball because the ball is too big. What is the volume of the softball that has a diameter of 6 inches?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The formula to find the volume of a sphere is   

Find the radius of the softball and substitute that in place of r.

Answer will be left in pi format.

 

 

 

Example Question #9 : Volume Of A Sphere

Find the volume of a sphere with a diameter of .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Write the formula to find the volume of a sphere.

Divide the diameter by two to obtain the radius.  The radius is five.

Substitute the radius into the volume equation.

Example Question #10 : Volume Of A Sphere

Find the volume of a sphere with a radius of .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Write the formula for the volume of a sphere and substitute the radius.

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