Organic Chemistry : Help with Ozonolysis

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Organic Chemistry

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #7 : Hydrocarbon Reactions

Which substrate, when subjected to ozonolysis followed by treatment with dimethyl sulfide, would give only one hydrocarbon product?

Possible Answers:

1,3-octadiene

3-octene

1,7-octadiene

2-octene

4-octene

Correct answer:

4-octene

Explanation:

Ozonolysis is essentially used to cleave a compound at the location of a double bond. For the result to be a single product, the cleavage must occur at a point of symmetry.

4-octene, a symmetrical alkene, would give two equivalents of butanal upon ozonolysis. All of the other compounds are unsymmetrical and would give at least two different non-identical products.

Example Question #3 : Hydrocarbon Reactions

Ozonolysis of an alkyne results in the products  and . What is the IUPAC name of the original compound?

Possible Answers:

3,3-dimethyl-2-heptyne

5,5-dimethyl-3-heptyne

2,2-dimethyl-3-heptyne

None of these

2,2-dimethyl-3-octyne

Correct answer:

2,2-dimethyl-3-heptyne

Explanation:

Ozonolysis of the alkyne breaks the alkyne at the triple bond. The carbons that were in the triple bond become the carbons of either a ketone or a carboxylic acid depending on if they are terminal or not.

Working backwards, one can take the products and remove their oxygens. Then, the carbons from which the oxygens were removed should be triple bonded. The initial compound has seven carbons in its longest chain. Counting from the side closest to the bond, C2 has two methyl groups bound to it. The triple bond runs across C3 and C4. Thus the answer is 2,2-dimethyl-3-heptyne.

Example Question #4 : Hydrocarbon Reactions

An organic chemist reacts one mole of 4-octene with excess . What is the final product?

Possible Answers:

Two moles of butal

Octane

None of these

Two moles of octanol

Correct answer:

Two moles of butal

Explanation:

These are standard conditions for an ozonolysis reaction. For an ozonolysis reaction to take place, all we need is an alkene and ozone. The ozone essentially cuts the alkene in half and adds a carbonyl group to each half of the carbon chain.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: