NCLEX : Other Endocrine Physiology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for NCLEX

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Other Endocrine Physiology

Which cells of the pancreas produce insulin?

Possible Answers:

Beta cells

Delta cells

Gamma cells

Alpha cells

Correct answer:

Beta cells

Explanation:

Insulin is produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets. Insulin's action is to decrease blood glucose, facilitating its uptake into cells. Alpha cells produce glucagon, which has the opposite effect as insulin. Delta cells produce somatostatin, which inhibits many digestive processes. and gamma cells produce pancreatic polypeptide, which regulate pancreatic secretion. 

Example Question #2 : Other Endocrine Physiology

Where in the human body is the pituitary located? 

Possible Answers:

Attached to the pancreas

Under the hypothalamus

Behind the thyroid

Above the kidneys

In the brainstem

Correct answer:

Under the hypothalamus

Explanation:

The pituitary is located just below the hypothalamus. The pituitary and the hypothalamus are connected by nerves and maintain an important working relationship with one another. Both are located near the base of the brain. 

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