NCLEX : Causes and Treatments of Other Conditions

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for NCLEX

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Eye lubricants are used for all but the following:
Possible Answers:
To protect the eyes during surgery or diagnostic procedures
To achieve miosis during eye surgery
To moisten contact lenses or artificial eyes
To replace tears or add moisture to eyes
Correct answer: To achieve miosis during eye surgery
Explanation: Eye lubricants are not used to achieve miosis during eye surgery. Eye lubricants are frequently used to treat dry eyes in cases where tears need to be replaced, to moisten contact lenses, or to protect eyes during surgery.

Example Question #1 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Which of the following is part of a standard treatment plan for a diagnosis of stage I Lyme disease?
Possible Answers:
Administration of intravenous antibiotics
No treatment unless the disease progresses to stage II or stage III
Administration of oral antibiotics
A topical antihistamine to reduce symptoms
Correct answer: A topical antihistamine to reduce symptoms
Explanation: Stage 1 is called early localized Lyme disease. The infection is not yet widespread throughout the body. This is treated with a topical antihistamine to reduce symptoms.

Example Question #3 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Which of the following is considered to be a normal age-related ocular degeneration?

Possible Answers:

Blepharitis

Cataracts

Glaucoma

Presbyopia

Correct answer:

Presbyopia

Explanation:

Presbyopia, or farsightedness, is caused by a loss of elasticity in the lens of the eye, and is considered a normal change with aging.

Glaucoma, blepharitis, and cataracts all carry increased risk with advanced age, but are considered to be abnormal and/or pathological changes.

Example Question #2 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Which of the following is not a risk factor for infertility in men? 

Possible Answers:

Frequent spa use

Major hernia surgery

Mild sun exposure

Moderate cigarette smoking

Untreated chlamydia

Correct answer:

Mild sun exposure

Explanation:

Cigarette smoking and other poor lifestyle choices have been shown to cause decreased fertility in men. Surgeries such as hernia repair can also have a negative effect on male fertility. Sexually transmitted infection can cause fertility problems, especially if left untreated, in males and females. Frequent hot tub or spa use has also not recommended. Mild levels of sun exposure are the least likely of the above to cause infertility in men. 

Example Question #3 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

The nurse is educating a 19-year-old female on contraceptive methods. The nurse describes which of these as the most effective? 

Possible Answers:

The female condom

Withdrawal before ejaculation

The male condom

Fertility awareness

A diaphragm and spermicide

Correct answer:

The male condom

Explanation:

The male condom is the most effective when used correctly. However, if used incorrectly, carries a much higher risk of failure. The male condom is also the only method of the answer choices that also carries protection against sexually transmitted diseases. 

Example Question #4 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

The nurse is educating a 23-year-old woman on contraceptive options. She describes which of these as the most effective? 

Possible Answers:

The cervical cap with spermicide

Medroxyprogesterone acetate injection

Etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol ring

Oral contraceptives

Contraceptive patches

Correct answer:

Medroxyprogesterone acetate injection

Explanation:

Medroxyprogesterone acetate injection is the most effective of the listed methods. Other methods of the above carry the risk for displacement or incorrect use. The nurse should inform the client that the medroxyprogesterone acetate injection is not effective against sexually transmitted diseases.

Example Question #5 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

The nurse is educating families in northern Wisconsin on the subject of tick removal. The nurse knows that teaching has been effective when they state all but which of the following?

Possible Answers:

"Grab the tick as close to the skin as possible."

"Save the tick in your freezer." 

"After grasping the tick with the tweezers, twist until removed."

"A fine ended tweezer works best."

"Use gloves to protect fingers when removing ticks."

Correct answer:

"After grasping the tick with the tweezers, twist until removed."

Explanation:

Never twist, jerk, or rip the tick when attempting to remove them from the skin. Wear gloves or use a paper towel if they are not available. Seal the tick within a plastic bag and keep it in the freezer. If illness occurs, the tick may be useful for further testing. 

Example Question #6 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Which of the following is a bacterium frequently responsible for causing urinary tract infections?

Possible Answers:

Escherichia coli

Candida albicans

Treponema pallidum

Clostridium botulinum

Mycobacterium leprae

Correct answer:

Escherichia coli

Explanation:

Escherichia coli is a bacteria that lives in the normal flora of the intestines. However, it is also a frequent cause of urinary tract infections. Candida albicans is a fungus that frequently causes thrush and vaginitis. Mycobacterium leprae is responsible for leprosy or Hansen's disease. Treponema pallidum is a spirochete responsible for syphilis. Lastly, Clostridium botulinum is responsible for botulism as a result of it's secretion of a neurotoxin.

Example Question #7 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Which of the following bodily fluids does not transmit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? 

Possible Answers:

Vaginal secretions

Blood

Saliva

Breast milk

Semen

Correct answer:

Saliva

Explanation:

HIV is easily spread through all of the listed body fluids with the exception of saliva. A person may not contract HIV through exchange of saliva during activities such as kissing or sharing eating utensils. 

Example Question #10 : Causes And Treatments Of Other Conditions

Which of the following regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is false? 

Possible Answers:

In heterosexual encounters, it may be easier for a woman to contract HIV

The risk of transmission increases in individuals who have another sexually transmitted infection such as genital herpes

Health care workers have a relatively low risk of contracting HIV when using standard precautions

The number of disease particles in a fluid is called the viral load

HIV can spread to other individuals starting 2 weeks after the host is infected

Correct answer:

HIV can spread to other individuals starting 2 weeks after the host is infected

Explanation:

HIV may be contagious just days after the host is infected. Women in heterosexual relationships may become infected more easily than men due to prolonged exposure to bodily fluids. It is however, possible for men to contract HIV from an infected woman. HIV is not frequently transmitted to health care professionals. Even for those who suffer from needle-stick injuries, transmission is unlikely.

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