All MCAT Social and Behavioral Sciences Resources
Example Question #17 : Psychological Disorders And Anomalies
Hallucinations, paranoia, and inappropriate behavior are associated with which of the following mental disorders?
Dissociative identity disorder
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder where people perceive things without a stimulation—hallucinations. These people also suffer paranoid delusions, and their behaviors can be totally inappropriate. The development of distinctly separate personalities is called dissociative identity disorder (DID). People with schizophrenia do not have a split personality. People with bipolar disorder alternate between episodes of depression and mania. Trichotillomania is characterized by the repeated urge to pull out body hair. When there is no identifiable physical cause to explain physical disorders that are real to the patient, somatoform disorder may be diagnosed.
Example Question #1 : Schizophrenia
People in their late teens and twenties who have incoherent and disorganized speech, hallucinations, and delusions are exhibiting the symptoms of __________.
generalized anxiety disorder
impulse control disorders
People with schizophrenia have hallucinations, delusions, and difficulty concentrating. Symptoms of schizophrenia typically begin to appear in the late teens and twenties. Social phobias involve fear of being embarrassed in social situations. The most common is fear of public speaking. People with generalized anxiety disorder are frightened of something but are unable to speak about a specific fear. They develop physical fear reactions. Alterations of episodes of depression with episodes of mania is called bipolar disorder. The inability to resist and impulse to perform an action that is harmful to the individual or to others is an impulse control disorder. Examples are kleptomania and pyromania.