MCAT Social and Behavioral Sciences : Language and Cognition

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for MCAT Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Language And Cognition

What is the most likely diagnosis in a 6-year-old child with speech that is characterized by broken words produced with an excess of physical tension, silent blocking, and sound and syllable repetitions?

Possible Answers:

Transient ischemic attack

Complex partial seizure

Tourette's disorder

Childhood-onset fluency disorder

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor

Correct answer:

Childhood-onset fluency disorder

Explanation:

Childhood-onset fluency disorder is the correct answer. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by disturbances in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the child's age. It can also present with anxiety about speaking. The symptoms of frequent repetitions and other speech dysfluencies presented here characterize this disorder.

Example Question #2 : Language And Cognition

Which of the following make up the most likely misarticulated speech sounds in a 10-year-old patient with persistent difficulties in the clear articulation of the individual sounds that combine to make up spoken words?

Possible Answers:

h, w, and k

t, d, and ng

p, b, and m

f, y, and g

s, z, and th

Correct answer:

s, z, and th

Explanation:

The correct answer is "s, z, and th." The presence of speech production difficulties that are outside normal limits and not due to congenital or acquired conditions is pathognomonic for speech sound disorder. Speech sound disorder may occur when children with speech production difficulties have difficulty with phonological knowledge of speech sounds or articulation.

All MCAT Social and Behavioral Sciences Resources

133 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept
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