Recent Tutoring Session Reviews
"This session we reviewed the definition and formation of the gerund and gerundive, and we practiced recognition and translation of the gerund and gerundive in context. We also discussed strategies to differentiate between the gerund and gerundive, and we continued to discuss translation strategies. In the upcoming weeks, we are planning to focus on basic grammar review (and memorization) of the following concepts: reflexive pronouns; personal pronouns; the conjugation of sum in all tenses; verb tense endings; 3rd, 4th, and 5th declensions; prepositions; adverbs; degrees of adjectives (positive, comparative, superlative); ablative absolute; and dative and ablative case uses."
"We prepared for his exam this Thursday. The material is very difficult, but he has risen to the occasion. We expect a good grade on this exam. We practiced a hodgepodge of exercises, reviews of concepts, and tutoring exercises."
"We began with a review of all the forms of the subjunctives that the student has had and he translated all correctly. He then worked his way through all of the translations in Stage 38 and we discussed Roman marriages. Excellent job. I can not believe how quickly he translated all of this."
"Today, the student and I went through her last test. It looked like overall, she understood the broad concepts, but had some issues keeping track of all the small details needed to translate Latin to English and vice versa. We reviewed some elements of purpose statements, and we also went through some older concepts that she had forgotten (future tense, reflexive pronouns). Finally, I advised her to make a list somewhere (on her iPad or in a notebook) of vocabulary words that she notices that she frequently misses; on this test, there were two words that she seemed to have trouble with."
"The student translated another passage of her textbook that might appear on Thursday's exam. Careful attention was paid to tenses of the verbs. Also, the adverbs and adjectives were taken note of (as they will be tested on). We reviewed how to turn adjectives into adverbs, as well as the comparative and superlative forms of each. She then studied the vocabulary for chapters 24 and 25."
"Went over what previous tutor had done (process-wise and content-wise). Starting covering Imperfect and Perfect."
"This week, the student's class is working on the subjunctive mood. He's missed and will miss a lot of class recently, so I tried to review/ introduce the material as quickly but also comprehensively as I could. So, we talked about how to form the present subjunctive in the different conjugations, and then how to use it, first in main clauses, and then in subordinate clauses. He remembered that it is used in main clauses to express commands in the 1st and 3rd person, and that it can be used to express possibility. I explained how it is also used for wishes, and then in subordinate clauses to express purpose. I made up and then had him translate several examples. Then, we talked about the formation of the imperfect subjunctive, and I explained how its usage corresponds to that of the present -- that what is key is what tense you find in your main clause. So, once we had covered the formation of the impf subj, we took our earlier examples of purpose clauses in the present and converted them into the past, to see this in action."
"Today the student and I worked on Chapter 28 in his textbook, which covers indefinite pronouns and adjectives. We discussed the concepts, reviewed charts and did practice sentences that featured these types of words. He did well with this; the only thing we will revisit is the difference between translating masculine/feminine forms and neuter. We spent time translating a passage from the chapter, and he showed improvement in his translation skills and application of strategies. Finally, we worked on vocabulary from the chapter, writing out a vocabulary study guide that he will be able to use later to study for tests. He reported that he did well on his first-semester final exam, and we talked about how he can use this as motivation to continue to improve this semester."
"The student and I worked through comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs. We also studied the irregular superlatives, which his teacher told him study. We then discussed the historicity of the movie, Pompeii, which just came out in theaters. Overall, it was a great session."
"To begin our session, both students and I reviewed the household item flashcards and the definitions of noun, adjective, and verb. Next I introduced them to the Latin verb, sum. They each filled in a present tense conjugation chart for sum and we recited the six verb forms together: sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt! I explained the conjugation chart's rows for first, second, and third person and columns for singular and plural. They understood singular and plural but struggled to grasp the concept of different persons specifying different subjects. I want to introduce them to these grammatical concepts even if they're not able to fully grasp them yet, as I hope this will provide a great foundation for future study. To conclude our session, I introduced my stuffed dog, Fred, who had an envelope taped to his tummy. Student A opened the envelope to find a note written in Latin from Fred to the students. The envelope also contained flashcards for unfamiliar vocabulary words used in the note. He really enjoyed this translation exercise and both he and Student B loved meeting Fred."