ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, and Sensory Imagery

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ALLURING

Possible Answers:

Responsible

Concerning

Unstable

Cute

Deliberate

Correct answer:

Cute

Explanation:

"Alluring" is an adjective that means beautiful or attractive. The best choice is "cute," since it means attractive. Considering the other choices, "concerning" means causing worry, "unstable" means constantly changing states of being, "responsible" means able to be relied upon to complete tasks, and "deliberate" means done on purpose or working carefully.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DULCET

Possible Answers:

Delicious

Soft

Ambiguous

Mellifluous

Simple

Correct answer:

Mellifluous

Explanation:

The word "dulcet" is an adjective that means sweet and calming and is used to describe sounds and music. The best choice is the word "mellifluous," as it means sweet-sounding. Considering the other choices, "simple" means not complicated, "delicious" mean tasting very good, "soft" means having a fuzzy texture, and "ambiguous" means having multiple ways in which the meaning of something could be interpreted.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PALPABLE

Possible Answers:

Tangible

Repressible

Invulnerable

Malleable

Explicable

Correct answer:

Tangible

Explanation:

“Palpable” means able to be felt or sensed. This is very similar to “tangible,” which means able to be touched. As for the incorrect answer choices, “explicable” means able to be explained; “invulnerable" means not open to being attacked or damaged; “repressible” means able to be repressed or hidden; and “malleable” means able to be manipulated or able to be changed and molded.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

GAUDY

Possible Answers:

Awful

Meaningful

Suspenseful

Shameful

Colorful

Correct answer:

Colorful

Explanation:

“Gaudy” means bright and colorful, although it is usually used in a negative way to suggest something is so uncomfortably bright and colorful as to be tasteless. So, "colorful" is the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, “shameful” means embarassing or causing shame; “meaningful” means important, significant, or containing meaning; “suspenseful” means causing anxiety due to not knowing what will happen; and “awful” means terrible. (Note how the suffix "-ful" generally means full of.)

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

GARISH

Possible Answers:

Tasteless

Implacable

Furtive

Essential

Fruitless

Correct answer:

Tasteless

Explanation:

“Garish” means tastelessly showy and flashy and thus not having good taste. Thus, "tasteless" is the best synonym amongst the given answer choices. As for the other answer choices, “furtive” means secretive or trying to avoid notice; “implacable” means unable to be appeased; “fruitless” means completely unsuccessful; and “essential” means necessary.

Example Question #6 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

GOSSAMER

Possible Answers:

Assiduous

Opaque

Translucent

Brusque

Abrogate

Correct answer:

Translucent

Explanation:

"Gossamer" and "translucent" both mean luminous or see-through. "Opaque" means clouded or muddy. "Brusque" means curt or surly. "Assiduous" means hard-working or diligent. "Abrogate" means to formally put an end to

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

OSSIFIED

Possible Answers:

Petrified

Tortuous

Pliable

Prodigal

Nefarious

Correct answer:

Petrified

Explanation:

"Ossified" and "petrified" both mean hardened or bony. "Pliable" means bendable or adaptable. "Nefarious" means heinous or sinful. "Prodigal" means wasteful or reckless. "Tortuous" means twisted or complicated.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters. 

UNCTUOUS

Possible Answers:

ingratiating

blunt

oleaginous

tortuous

tendentious

Correct answer:

oleaginous

Explanation:

"Unctuous" and "oleaginous" both mean oily or slick. "Blunt" means straightforward or candid. "Ingratiating" means fawning or servile. "Tendentious" means biased or prejudicial. "Tortuous" means twisted or complicated

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters.

SINEWY

Possible Answers:

germinal

irksome

personable

brawny

mutinous

Correct answer:

brawny

Explanation:

"Sinewy" and "brawny" both mean tough or stringy. "Germinal" means budding or initial. "Irksome" means annoying or irritating. "Mutinous" means rebellious or defiant. "Personable" means friendly or sociable

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

STRIDENT

Possible Answers:

Vetoing

Gnawing

Disagreeing

Distant

Harsh

Correct answer:

Harsh

Explanation:

You might think of the word strident as meaning “strong” or “determined.” The word is often used in this manner and loosely can mean this, merely presenting an opinion in a forceful manner. The first meaning of the word is “rough” or “grating,” as in a “grating and loud sound.” Thus, someone who defends a position very strongly and with much passion might become strident in voice, that is, harsh sounding in vocal tone.

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