ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

He suffered one final ignominy after death when his tomb was __________.

Possible Answers:

consecrated

absolved

desecrated

vitalized

secured

Correct answer:

desecrated

Explanation:

An “ignominy” is shame, disgrace, or humiliation, so because he suffered one final “ignominy” after death, we can infer that his tomb must have been “desecrated,” which means defiled, disrespected, or dishonored. “Absolved” means forgiven or removed blame from; “vitalized” means gave strength and energy to; and “secured” means fixed so something can’t be moved or assured the protection of.

Example Question #2 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The golfer's __________ in concentration cost him first place in the tournament.

Possible Answers:

hole

rip

increase

improvement

lapse

Correct answer:

lapse

Explanation:

One would assume that a golfer would lose first place in a tournament if he messed up, so the correct answer must refer to a loss or stoppage in concentration. The correct answer is therefore “lapse,” which means brief but unwanted pause in focus. You may have heard of the phrase "lapse in judgment" before—you can see now that it refers to a decision someone made when they were not judging the situation very well, or in other words, a bad decision in a situation where they were expected to make a good one and perhaps had before. If the golfer had had either an "improvement" or an "increase" in concentration, it's unlikely that this would have led to his losing first place in the tournament, so neither of those answer choices can be correct.

Example Question #3 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The __________ climate of the island made life uncomfortable for the locals; one minute it would be raining, the next minute it would be sweltering.

Possible Answers:

capricious

bleak

congruous

immaculate

frigid

Correct answer:

capricious

Explanation:

After the semicolon, it is revealed that the climate is raining one minute, and very hot (“sweltering”) the next minute. When something is very changeable, it is called “capricious.” “Bleak” means desolate or offering little hope of success; “frigid” means extremely cold; “immaculate” means perfect or spotlessly clean; and “congruous” means consistent with something else.

Example Question #3 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

He has a nervous __________ and so is prone to episodes of great anxiety and tension.

Possible Answers:

refinement

disposition

circumvention

homeliness

magnificence

Correct answer:

disposition

Explanation:

From the way this sentence is structured, you know that the underlined word must mean something like characteristic or personality, so the correct answer is “disposition.” “Circumvention” is an act of bypassing something; “homeliness” is the lacking of style or elegance; “magnificence” is greatness or brilliance; “refinement” is the process of making something pure or a personality trait of finesse and sophistication.

Example Question #4 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Her __________ appearance made her seem heavenly to her beholders, almost as if she did not belong in this world.

Possible Answers:

ethereal

suspicious

disfavored

immortal

blissful

Correct answer:

ethereal

Explanation:

The subject’s appearance made her seem heavenly and as if she did not belong in this world to those who beheld her. This should lead you to the correct answer, “ethereal,” which means dainty in a way that seems unreal. As for the other answer choices, “suspicious” means doubtful or dubious; “blissful” means happy, peaceful, and content; “disfavored” means not favored or disliked; and “immortal” means not mortal and therefore incapable of dying.

Example Question #2 : One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The team’s victory was __________ by the four-week suspension of their best player.

Possible Answers:

tenured

improved

eased

hastened

marred

Correct answer:

marred

Explanation:

It makes sense that the suspension of the best player would spoil the feel of the victory for the team, so the correct answer is “marred.” “Marred” means spoiled, ruined the appearance of, or negatively impacted. As for the other answer choices, “tenured” means gave a permanent job to; “eased” means made easier; "improved" means made better; and "hastened" means sped up.

Example Question #6 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

In truth, the task was not __________, although the young man certainly acted as though it were the greatest burden he had ever undertaken.

Possible Answers:

outstanding

abhorrent

remarkable

onerous

deplorable

Correct answer:

onerous

Explanation:

The key here is to pay heed to the description “burden” in the subordinate clause. The word we are searching for will best match that notion. While a burdensome task might be "remarkable" or "outstanding" (or even perhaps the other more negative choices), it most definitely is “onerous,” which means excessively burdensome. (This is further supported by the adjective “greatest” describing the perceived burden.)

The word “onerous” is derived from the Latin "onus," which means burden or load. Our English is derived from a form of the word that has the base “oner-.”

Example Question #7 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Jeremiah was unable to stand up due to his injury, he hoped one day not only to be able to stand but also to be __________ without any aiding devices.

Possible Answers:

cured

ambulatory

recovered

strengthened

ameliorated

Correct answer:

ambulatory

Explanation:

The necessary word describes a strengthening of the activity of standing. (The key to this interpretation is the phrase “but also”); therefore, the best fit is “ambulatory,” which means able to walk.

It is derived from the Latin "ambulare," to walk, which has derivatives not only in words like "ambulate" but likewise in the more familiar “ambulance,” which is indirectly derived from the Latin via a French expression for a type of moving (in a broad sense, "ambulating") field hospital.

Example Question #9 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Tired of the influence of those whom he thought lacked merit to partake in the government, Frederick believed that the only acceptable option for governmental structure was one that had a significantly __________ element to it.

Possible Answers:

pushy

vivacious

predatory

arrogant

aristocratic

Correct answer:

aristocratic

Explanation:

Frederick’s frustration with the unmerited members of government and society imply that he wishes for the country to be ruled by those who have talent and ability. While we generally think of “aristocracy” as being rule by titled nobility. While this is often the usage, more generally, the term means rule by the noble in the more fundamental sense of “noble” (i.e. as being truly excellent). The “aristo-” portion of the word is derived from the Greek for “best.”

Example Question #2 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The coach was a polarizing figure, as some saw his speeches as powerful motivational tools, while others saw them as nasty ___________.

Possible Answers:

harangues

pontifications

expositions

stemwinders

testimonies

Correct answer:

harangues

Explanation:

All of the answer choices are a type of speech, but the contrast in the sentence with "motivational tools" and the adjective "nasty" leads to an answer choice with a negative tone. "Harangues," which indicates loud, aggressive attacks, fits the rest of the sentence best in context.

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