ISEE Upper Level Quantitative : How to divide variables

Example Questions

Example Question #22 : Operations

The ratio of 10 to 14 is closest to what value?

0.24

0.57

0.71

0.04

0.71

Explanation:

Another way to express ratios is through division. 10 divided by 14 is approximate 0.71.

Example Question #1 : How To Divide Variables

If  is the quotient of  and , which statement could be true?

Explanation:

A quotient is the result of division. If  is the quotient of  and , that means that  could be true.

Example Question #24 : Operations

is a negative integer. Which is the greater quantity?

(A)

(B)

(B) is greater

It is impossible to tell which is greater from the information given

(A) and (B) are equal

(A) is greater

(B) is greater

Explanation:

Since the quotient of negative numbers is positive, both results will be positive.

We can rewrite both of these as products of positive numbers, as follows:

, so

, and

making (B) greater.

Example Question #25 : Operations

is a negative integer. Which is the greater quantity?

(A)

(B)

It is impossible to determine which is greater from the information given

(B) is greater

(A) is greater

(A) and (B) are equal

(A) is greater

Explanation:

Since the quotient of negative numbers is positive, both results will be positive.

We can rewrite both of these as quotients of positive numbers, as follows:

Since the expressions have the same dividend and the second has the greater divisor, the first has the greater quotient.

Therefore, (A) is greater.

Example Question #26 : Operations

Let  be negative. Which of the following is the greater quantity?

(A)

(B)

(A) is greater

(B) is greater

It is impossible to determine which is greater from the information given

(A) and (B) are equal

(B) is greater

Explanation:

The quotient of two negative numbers is positive. The expressions can be rewritten as follows:

Both expressions have the same dividend; the second has the lesser divisor so it has the greater quotient. This makes (B) greater.

Example Question #27 : Operations

When evaluating the expression

,

assuming you know the values of all five variables, what is the second operation that must be performed?

Division

Subtraction

Multiplication

Squaring

Subtraction

Explanation:

In the order of operations, any expression within parentheses must be performed first. Between the parentheses, there are two operations, an exponentiation (squaring), and a subtraction. By the order of operations, the exponentiation is performed first; the subtraction is performed second, making this the correct response.

Example Question #28 : Operations

is a negative number.

Which is the greater quantity?

(a) The reciprocal of

(b) The reciprocal of

(a) and (b) are equal

It is impossible to determine which is greater from the information given

(a) is the greater quantity

(b) is the greater quantity

(b) is the greater quantity

Explanation:

Since  is negative, its reciprocal  is also negative. Since

,

by the Multiplication Property of Inequality,

That is, the reciprocal of  is greater than that of .

Example Question #2 : How To Divide Variables

.

Which is the greater quantity?

(a) The reciprocal of

(b) The reciprocal of

(a) and (b) are equal

It is impossible to determine which is greater from the information given

(a) is the greater quantity

(b) is the greater quantity

It is impossible to determine which is greater from the information given

Explanation:

We show that the given information is insufficient by examining two cases.

Case 1:

The reciprocal of  is , or .

Also, , the reciprocal of which is .

, so (b) is the greater quantity.

Case 2: .

The reciprocal of  is , or 2.

Also, , the reciprocal of which is .

, so (a) is the greater quantity.

in both cases, but in one case, (a) is greater and in the other, (b) is greater.