ISEE Upper Level Math : How to find the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Math

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Example Question #1 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

If a right triangle has a base of   and a height of , what is the length of the hypotenuse?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve this problem, we must utilize the Pythagorean Theorom, which states that:

We know that the base is , so we can substitute in for .  We also know that the height is , so we can substitute in for .


Next we evaluate the exponents:

Now we add them together:

Then, .

is not a perfect square, so we simply write the square root as  .

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

If a right triangle has a base of and a height of , what is the length of the hypotenuse?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve this problem, we are going to use the Pythagorean Theorom, which states that .

We know that this particular right triangle has a base of , which can be substituted for , and a height of , which can be substituted for . If we rewrite the theorom using these numbers, we get:

Next, we evaluate the expoenents:

Then, .

To solve for , we must find the square root of . Since this is not a perfect square, our answer is simply .

Example Question #3 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

What is the hypotenuse of a right triangle with sides 5 and 8?

Possible Answers:

undefined

Correct answer:

Explanation:

According to the Pythagorean Theorem, the equation for the hypotenuse of a right triangle is . Plugging in the sides, we get . Solving for , we find that the hypotenuse is :

Example Question #4 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

In a right triangle, two sides have length . Give the length of the hypotenuse in terms of .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

By the Pythagorean Theorem, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

Let hypotenuse and side length.

Example Question #5 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

In a right triangle, two sides have lengths 5 centimeters and 12 centimeters. Give the length of the hypotenuse.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

This triangle has two angles of 45 and 90 degrees, so the third angle must measure 45 degrees; this is therefore an isosceles right triangle.

By the Pythagorean Theorem, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

Let hypotenuse and , lengths of the other two sides.

Example Question #6 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

In a rectangle, the width is 6 feet long and the length is 8 feet long. If a diagonal is drawn through the rectangle, from one corner to the other, how many feet long is that diagonal?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Given that a rectangle has all right angles, drawing a diagonal will create a right triangle the legs are each 6 feet and 8 feet. 

We know that in a 3-4-5 right triangle, when the legs are 3 feet and 4 feet, the hypotenuse will be 5 feet. 

Given that the legs of this triangle are twice as long as those in the 3-4-5 triangle, it follows that the hypotense will also be twice as long. 

Thus, the diagonal in through the rectangle creates a 6-8-10 triangle. 10 is therefore the length of the diagonal. 

Example Question #7 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

In a right triangle, the legs are 7 feet long and 12 feet long. How long is the hypotenuse?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The pythagorean theory should be used to solve this problem. 

Example Question #8 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

The legs of a right triangle are equal to 4 and 5. What is the length of the hypotenuse?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

If the legs of a right triangle are 4 and 5, to find the hypotenuse, the following equation must be used to find the hypotenuse, in which c is equal to the hypotenuse:

Example Question #9 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

Right_triangle

Refer to the above diagram, which depicts a right triangle. What is the value of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

By the Pythagorean Theorem, which says  being the hypotenuse, or  in this problem. 

Simply

Example Question #10 : How To Find The Length Of The Hypotenuse Of A Right Triangle : Pythagorean Theorem

At your local university, there is a triangular walking path around a grassy area. If the two legs of the triangle form a ninety degree angle, and are each 30 meters long, what is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

At your local university, there is a triangular walking path around a grassy area. If the two legs of the triangle form a ninety degree angle, and are each 30 meters long, what is the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

This problem asks us to find the hypotenuse of a right triangle. To do so, we can use Pythagorean Theorem.

Where a and b are the short sides of the triangle, and c is our hypotenuse.

We know a and b are both 30 meters, so plug that in and begin!

 

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