ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, or Location

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Pick the best synonym of the following word

Flourish

Possible Answers:

Grow

Old

Extend

Overturn

Flowery

Correct answer:

Grow

Explanation:

"Flourish" can stand as either a noun or a verb, one meaning "an embellishment or decoration," the other meaning "to thrive or succeed." So, in this case, if one is not sure which part of speech this is, the answers can give a clue-- there are no nouns in the answers, only verbs and adjectives. Since flourish is never an adjective, flowery and old do not make sense. To overturn means exactly what it sounds like, which is not necessarily a successful or thriving event. Extend is close, but does not have any connotation, successful or otherwise. So grow is the best option.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

A synonym of "withhold" is __________.

Possible Answers:

demand

retain

find

try

proffer

Correct answer:

retain

Explanation:

"Withhold" is a verb that means either "refuse to give (something that is due to or is desired by another)" or "suppress or hold back (an emotion or reaction)," so we need to pick out an answer that means something like "refuse to give" or "suppress." "Proffer," then, cannot be the correct answer because "proffer" is a verb that means "hold out (something) to someone for acceptance; offer," making it an antonym, not a synonym, of "withhold." "Retain," however, is a verb that can mean "continue to have (something); keep possession of," and because "retain" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "withhold," "retain" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

A synonym of "grovel" is __________.

Possible Answers:

pardon

yield

ring

crawl

face

Correct answer:

crawl

Explanation:

"Grovel" is a verb that means either "to kneel, lie, or crawl on the ground," or "to treat someone with too much respect or fear in a way that shows weakness in order to be forgiven or to gain approval or favor." So, we need to pick out a verb that means something like "to kneel" or "to treat someone with too much respect or fear to gain approval." While "pardon" may look like a potentially correct answer, "pardon" means "forgive or excuse (a person, error, or offense)," so while someone may grovel to a person who can pardon them for past offenses, "pardon" does not mean the same thing as "grovel," so "pardon" cannot be the correct answer. "Crawl," however, is synonymous with the first meaning of "grovel," so "crawl" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "grovel."

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

MAR

Possible Answers:

Drench

Inhabit

Jest

Disfigure

Sail

Correct answer:

Disfigure

Explanation:

"Mar" means to spoil the appearance of or disfigure. A scar might mar someone's face or a wooden table could be marred by a deep scratch.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

AGGREGATE
Possible Answers:

Courageous

Bother
 
Rustic
Particular 
 
Accumulate
Correct answer:
Accumulate
Explanation:
"Aggregate," when used as a verb, means to gather several separate things together to form one entity, such as a class or a cluster. When used as a noun, "aggregate" means an entity formed of several separate things. "Aggregate" can also be used as an adjective that means composite. None of the potential answer choices are nouns, so we will need to consider "aggregate" as an adjective and as a verb. Considering the potential answers that are adjectives, "particular" means specific, "rustic" means rural or plain, and "courageous" means brave. None of these answers are close in meaning to composite, so none of them can be the correct answer. So, we need to consider "aggregate" as it is used as a verb, and decide whether "accumulate" or "bother" is the better answer choice. "Bother" means to annoy while "accumulate" means to gather up, so "accumulate" is the correct answer becuase it is closest in meaning to "aggregate."

Example Question #6 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

 

LANGUISH

Possible Answers:

Enliven

Flourish

Stagnate

Deteriorate

Concern

Correct answer:

Deteriorate

Explanation:

"Languish" means to weaken and become feeble, so it is most similar in meaning to "deteriorate," which means to waste away. "Enliven" and "flourish" both have positive connotations and mean to prosper or to come alive. "Stagnate" means to remain without growth or movement, and "concern" (which means consternation) is unrelated in meaning to "languish."

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

 

TARRY

Possible Answers:

Hasten

Maintain

Frustrate

Dawdle

Scramble

Correct answer:

Dawdle

Explanation:

"Dawdle" is most appropriate here because both "dawdle" and "tarry" mean linger or procrastinate. "Hasten" is an antonym of "dawdle" that means to move more quickly or to cause to occur sooner, while "frustrate" can mean thwart or spoil. "Scramble" means clamber or muddle, and "maintain" means to continue or to persist.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DOUSE

Possible Answers:

Instill

Drain

Captivate

Drench

Correct answer:

Drench

Explanation:

"Douse" means submerge briefly in water or throw liquid at, so "drench," which means soak, is the best match. "Drain" means remove liquid from something, making it an antonym, or opposite, of "douse."

Example Question #9 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

TAINT

Possible Answers:

Color

Contaminate

Justify

Erase

Cover

Correct answer:

Contaminate

Explanation:

"Taint" means contaminate, so "contaminate" is the correct answer.

Example Question #10 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

HAMPER

Possible Answers:

Destroy

Hinder

Delay

Wound

Hurdle

Correct answer:

Hinder

Explanation:

"Hamper" means obstruct or hinder. For example, one might write, "Excessive noise can hamper a teacher's effectiveness in the classroom." So, "hinder" is the correct answer.

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