ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, or Location

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Pick the best synonym of the following word

Flourish

Possible Answers:

Grow

Extend

Flowery

Overturn

Old

Correct answer:

Grow

Explanation:

"Flourish" can stand as either a noun or a verb, one meaning "an embellishment or decoration," the other meaning "to thrive or succeed." So, in this case, if one is not sure which part of speech this is, the answers can give a clue-- there are no nouns in the answers, only verbs and adjectives. Since flourish is never an adjective, flowery and old do not make sense. To overturn means exactly what it sounds like, which is not necessarily a successful or thriving event. Extend is close, but does not have any connotation, successful or otherwise. So grow is the best option.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

A synonym of "withhold" is __________.

Possible Answers:

try

proffer

retain

find

demand

Correct answer:

retain

Explanation:

"Withhold" is a verb that means either "refuse to give (something that is due to or is desired by another)" or "suppress or hold back (an emotion or reaction)," so we need to pick out an answer that means something like "refuse to give" or "suppress." "Proffer," then, cannot be the correct answer because "proffer" is a verb that means "hold out (something) to someone for acceptance; offer," making it an antonym, not a synonym, of "withhold." "Retain," however, is a verb that can mean "continue to have (something); keep possession of," and because "retain" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "withhold," "retain" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

A synonym of "grovel" is __________.

Possible Answers:

face

ring

pardon

yield

crawl

Correct answer:

crawl

Explanation:

"Grovel" is a verb that means either "to kneel, lie, or crawl on the ground," or "to treat someone with too much respect or fear in a way that shows weakness in order to be forgiven or to gain approval or favor." So, we need to pick out a verb that means something like "to kneel" or "to treat someone with too much respect or fear to gain approval." While "pardon" may look like a potentially correct answer, "pardon" means "forgive or excuse (a person, error, or offense)," so while someone may grovel to a person who can pardon them for past offenses, "pardon" does not mean the same thing as "grovel," so "pardon" cannot be the correct answer. "Crawl," however, is synonymous with the first meaning of "grovel," so "crawl" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "grovel."

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

MAR

Possible Answers:

Inhabit

Sail

Disfigure

Drench

Jest

Correct answer:

Disfigure

Explanation:

"Mar" means to spoil the appearance of or disfigure. A scar might mar someone's face or a wooden table could be marred by a deep scratch.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

AGGREGATE
Possible Answers:
Particular 
 

Courageous

Rustic
Accumulate
Bother
 
Correct answer:
Accumulate
Explanation:
"Aggregate," when used as a verb, means to gather several separate things together to form one entity, such as a class or a cluster. When used as a noun, "aggregate" means an entity formed of several separate things. "Aggregate" can also be used as an adjective that means composite. None of the potential answer choices are nouns, so we will need to consider "aggregate" as an adjective and as a verb. Considering the potential answers that are adjectives, "particular" means specific, "rustic" means rural or plain, and "courageous" means brave. None of these answers are close in meaning to composite, so none of them can be the correct answer. So, we need to consider "aggregate" as it is used as a verb, and decide whether "accumulate" or "bother" is the better answer choice. "Bother" means to annoy while "accumulate" means to gather up, so "accumulate" is the correct answer becuase it is closest in meaning to "aggregate."

Example Question #6 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

 

LANGUISH

Possible Answers:

Deteriorate

Concern

Enliven

Flourish

Stagnate

Correct answer:

Deteriorate

Explanation:

"Languish" means to weaken and become feeble, so it is most similar in meaning to "deteriorate," which means to waste away. "Enliven" and "flourish" both have positive connotations and mean to prosper or to come alive. "Stagnate" means to remain without growth or movement, and "concern" (which means consternation) is unrelated in meaning to "languish."

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

 

TARRY

Possible Answers:

Hasten

Dawdle

Scramble

Frustrate

Maintain

Correct answer:

Dawdle

Explanation:

"Dawdle" is most appropriate here because both "dawdle" and "tarry" mean linger or procrastinate. "Hasten" is an antonym of "dawdle" that means to move more quickly or to cause to occur sooner, while "frustrate" can mean thwart or spoil. "Scramble" means clamber or muddle, and "maintain" means to continue or to persist.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DOUSE

Possible Answers:

Instill

Drench

Captivate

Drain

Correct answer:

Drench

Explanation:

"Douse" means submerge briefly in water or throw liquid at, so "drench," which means soak, is the best match. "Drain" means remove liquid from something, making it an antonym, or opposite, of "douse."

Example Question #9 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

TAINT

Possible Answers:

Contaminate

Color

Justify

Cover

Erase

Correct answer:

Contaminate

Explanation:

"Taint" means contaminate, so "contaminate" is the correct answer.

Example Question #10 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

HAMPER

Possible Answers:

Delay

Hinder

Wound

Destroy

Hurdle

Correct answer:

Hinder

Explanation:

"Hamper" means obstruct or hinder. For example, one might write, "Excessive noise can hamper a teacher's effectiveness in the classroom." So, "hinder" is the correct answer.

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