ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Prefixes from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

MISNOMER

Possible Answers:

Accurate name

Nominate

Miss

Inaccurate name

Correct answer:

Inaccurate name

Explanation:

A "misnomer" is an inaccurate name. The best choice is "inaccurate name," as it is part of the definition of "misnomer." This is fitting as a misnomer is a mistake in naming something. Considering the other options, "nominate" means suggest for an honor, "miss" means fail or fail to meet, and "snore" means breathe with harsh sounds while asleep.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Select the word or phrase that best matches the word in capital letters.

PRESCIENCE

Possible Answers:

Potentate

Dread

Loathe

Amorous

Foresight

Correct answer:

Foresight

Explanation:

"Prescience" is the quality of knowing what is going to happen; foresight. To provide further help, a "potentate" is a powerful leader; "dread" means fear and "loathe" means hate; "amorous" is a feeling of love.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Select the word or phrase that best matches the word in capital letters.

MISOGYNY

Possible Answers:

Hatred of women

Hatred of men

Hatred of animals

Hatred of old people

Hatred of children

Correct answer:

Hatred of women

Explanation:

"Misogyny" is the hatred of women. A misogynist is a man who hates and mistreats women

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PROLOGUE

Possible Answers:

Foreword 

Forensic 

Formless 

Forsake 

Forerunner 

Correct answer:

Foreword 

Explanation:

The prefixes "pro-" and "fore-" are very similar to one another. Both prefixes describe something that comes before something else. A “prologue” is the introduction to a story, and as such, the word is most similar in meaning to a “foreword.” None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "prologue": “formless” means without shape; “forerunner” means precursor or thing that comes before something else; “forsake” means abandon; and “forensic” means relating to the application of science to crime solving

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

MALPRACTICE

Possible Answers:

Misinformed

Maladjusted

Misconduct 

Misappropriated

Malcontent  

Correct answer:

Misconduct 

Explanation:

The prefix "mal-" means bad, so “malpractice” means bad practice, improper behavior. The prefix "mis-" also means bad and is often used similarly to "mal-." The key here is to figure out which suffix is closest in meaning to “practice” and the correct answer is “conduct.” “Misconduct” means doing something wrong, bad conduct. To provide further help, “misappropriated” means given to the wrong people; “misinformed” means told incorrect information; “maladjusted” means not adjusted to one's social environment; “malcontent” means not happy, not content.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

DISPARITY

Possible Answers:

Repudiate 

Inequality 

Credibility 

Accountability 

Astute 

Correct answer:

Inequality 

Explanation:

The word “parity” means equality and the prefix "dis-" is a negation prefix, so “disparity” is the opposite of “parity.” The correct answer is therefore “inequality.” To provide further help, someone who is “astute” is shrewd and shows good judgment; “credibility” means believability; “accountability” means responsibility; “repudiate” means  reject, renounce, disavow.

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Prefixes

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

EQUANIMITY

Possible Answers:

Motivation

Inspiration

Despondency

Composure

Hopelessness

Correct answer:

Composure

Explanation:

The prefix equa- means same as, equal to, even, so the word “equanimity” means having an evenness of mind, showing “composure.” “Composure” is a calmness in the face of difficulty. To provide further help, “inspiration” is something that makes you want to do something; “motivation” is the reason for doing something; “despondency” means hopelessness.

Example Question #6 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DISAVOWAL

Possible Answers:

Renunciation 

Encouragement

Acceptance

Proviso 

Denunciation

Correct answer:

Renunciation 

Explanation:

To “disavow” means to deny or renounce responsibility for someone or something, as such "disavowal" is closest in meaning to “renunciation,” which means rejection or denial of something. To provide further help, “encouragement” is support; a “proviso” is a condition that must be met in order to get something done or attain something; "acceptance" means agreeing to receive something or go along with a plan; and "denunciation" means condemnation.

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

A synonym of "imperceptible" is __________.

Possible Answers:

undetectable

secret

filial

prominent

wise

Correct answer:

undetectable

Explanation:

"Imperceptible" is an adjective that means "impossible to perceive," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "impossible to perceive." So, "prominent" cannot be the correct answer because one meaning of "prominent" is "situated so as to catch the attention; noticeable," making it an antonym of "imperceptible." "Undetectable," however, is an adjective that means "not able to be detected," and because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "imperceptible," "undetectable" is the correct answer.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

TRANSVERSE

Possible Answers:

Gradient

Slope

Slanting

Parallel

Perpendicular

Correct answer:

Slanting

Explanation:

The prefix trans- means across or travel. The word “transverse” means to travel across something in a slanting or diagonal manner. To provide further help, “parallel” means side-by-side; “perpendicular” means intersecting just once, opposite of parallel; “gradient” and “slope” are synonyms of one another and mathematical terms, both mean incline or angle of rising.

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