ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Which of the following is a synonym of "adage?"

Possible Answers:

Saying

Absurdity

Paradox

Nonsense

Desire

Correct answer:

Saying

Explanation:

Adage typically refers to a motto or saying of conventional wisdom. For example, "he relentlessly repeated the familiar adage."

Most of the other words are antonyms, with the exception of "desire" which is unrelated.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "jest" is . . .

Possible Answers:

joke

point

just

cause

rhythm

Correct answer:

joke

Explanation:

"Jest" is a word that when used as a noun, means "a thing said or done for amusement; a joke," and when used as a verb, means "speak or act in a joking manner." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that is either a noun meaning something like "joke" or a verb meaning something like "act in a joking manner." While "just" may sound like "jest," "just" has a variety of meanings including "based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair" when used as an adjective, and when used as an adverb, "exactly," "very recently," "barely," "simply," or "expressing agreement." So, "just" cannot be the correct answer. "Joke," however, means the same thing as "jest," so "joke" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "parody" is __________.

Possible Answers:

comedy

imitation

tragedy

book

song

Correct answer:

imitation

Explanation:

"Parody" is a word that when used as a noun means "an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect." So, while a comedy, tragedy, book, or song might each be a parody, none of those answer choices are synonymous with parody, so none of them can be the correct answer. "Imitation," a noun meaning "a thing intended to simulate or copy something else," is the answer choice closest in meaning to "parody," so it is the correct answer.

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "getaway" is __________.

Possible Answers:

approach

flee

measure

escape

bob

Correct answer:

escape

Explanation:

"Getaway" is a noun that means "an escape or quick departure, especially after committing a crime." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that is a noun and means something like "escape." While "flee" may look like a potentially correct answer choice because "flee" and "escape" are synonyms when both words are used as verbs, "flee" cannot be used as a noun like "escape" can, so "escape" is the correct answer because it can be used as a noun and "getaway" is a noun.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Choose the best synonym for the word in capital letters.

REMEDY

Possible Answers:

medicine

difficulty

warmth

tapestry

source

Correct answer:

medicine

Explanation:

"Remedy" means a treatment or medicine.

Example Question #6 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "mirth" is __________.

Possible Answers:

gaiety

nicety

shallowness

depression

direction

Correct answer:

gaiety

Explanation:

"Mirth" is a noun that means "amusement, especially as expressed in laughter," so we need to pick out a noun that means something like "amusement." "Depression," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "depression" means " severe despondency and dejection, typically felt over a period of time and accompanied by feelings of hopelessness and inadequacy," making it an antonym, not a synonym, of "mirth." "Gaiety," however, is a noun that can mean "the state or quality of being lighthearted or cheerful" or "merrymaking or festivity," and because "gaiety" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "mirth," "gaiety" is the correct answer.

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

OUTCOME

Possible Answers:

peril

sententious

commencement

encumbrance

conclusion

Correct answer:

conclusion

Explanation:

"Outcome" is defined as something that comes about as an effect or end, so "conclusion" is the best match. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "outcome": "commencement" means beginning or a ceremony marking the graduation of a group of students; "encumbrance" means burden; "sententious" means sanctimonious or pompous; and "peril" means immediate and serious danger.

Example Question #77 : Identifying Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DREAD

Possible Answers:

facade

contentment

phobia

hoax

captivation

Correct answer:

phobia

Explanation:

"Dread" is defined as great fear, especially in the face of approaching harm, so "phobia," which means a psychological fear of something specific, is the best choice. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "dread": "contentment" means satisfaction; "captivation" means fascination or attraction; "facade" means the front face of a building or a false front or appearance; and "hoax" means a deception, often perpetrated on a large scale to fool many people or the public.

Example Question #78 : Identifying Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

OUTING

Possible Answers:

Lull

Abundance

Fortitude

Compensation

Trip

Correct answer:

Trip

Explanation:

An "outing" is a trip or an adventure, so "trip" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "outing": "fortitude" means bravery; "lull" means a pause or break in activity; "abundance" means plentifulness or a great quantity of something; and "compensation" means payment or salary.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

HOAX

Possible Answers:

Disagreement

Fatigue

Joke

Denial

Correct answer:

Joke

Explanation:

"Hoax" is defined as an act intending to trick or deceive, so "joke" is the best match.

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