ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Sentence Completions: Conjunctions and Sentence Logic

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence Completions: Select the word that most best completes the sentence.

Some of the marathon runners stopped to drink water or tie their shoes, but she remained __________, never breaking her pace of seven-minute miles. 
Possible Answers:

Akin

Zany

Jolly

Steadfast

Ambivalent
Correct answer:

Steadfast

Explanation:
The sentence compares one particular marathon runner to the other runners in the race. They stopped, but she did not. Therefore, she was "steadfast," which means firm and unwavering. None of the other potential answer choices make sense in the blank, so "steadfast" is the correct answer. 

Example Question #1 : Sentence Completions: Conjunctions And Sentence Logic

Sentence Completions: Select the word or phrase that most correctly completes the sentence.

It was not surprising to learn that Donald had written many books about ancient Greece; he was well known as an __________ scholar.

Possible Answers:

Exultant

Enigmatic

Absent

Erudite

Expansive

Correct answer:

Erudite

Explanation:

Since Donald has "written many books about Greece," we can infer that he knows a lot about that topic. So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like knowledgeable. The word that best fits the sentence's blank is "erudite," which means learned and scholarly. As for the other answer choices, "absent" means not present or missing, "enigmatic" means mysterious, "expansive" means extensive or communicative, and "exultant" means triumphant or delighted.

Example Question #3 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence Completions: Select the word or phrase that most correctly completes the sentence.

The king showed no compassion to the treasonous prisoners; then again, he was always known for his ___________ side. 

Possible Answers:

intelligent 

benevolent

ruthless

supple

greagarious 

Correct answer:

ruthless

Explanation:

From the context of the sentence, you know that the blank word must describe the king’s lack of mercy and compassion. The correct answer is therefore “ruthless," which means showing no mercy or violent. To help you, "benevolent" means good-natured, "supple" means flexible, "intelligent" means smart, and "gregarious" means sociable.

Example Question #4 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence Completions: Select the word or phrase that most correctly completes the sentence.

The boss had announced that the meeting was going to be __________; still, he was surprised to see several of his employees arrive dressed in their pajamas and without anything for taking notes.

Possible Answers:

sparse

informal

brief

concise

settled

Correct answer:

informal

Explanation:

The key thing for this sentence is to note the boss' surprise. The word "still" in the second independent clause means nevertheless. This adverb indicates that even though the boss announced the meeting was going to be X, he was surprised that people came to it in such a very casual manner. You are looking for a synonym for "casual." "Informal" works well to this end.

Example Question #5 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence Completions: Select the word or phrase that most correctly completes the sentence.

Although it might be hard to believe, many very radical beliefs were at one time very __________ opinions, held by most people.

Possible Answers:

questionable

rural

moderate

civic

wise

Correct answer:

moderate

Explanation:

"Radical" opinions are ones that are very daring and bold, often held by very few people. The word literally means cut to the root, as though you were to hold an opinion that is "uprooted" from all that is commonly believed by society. Generally speaking, "radical" implies something very innovative and even bold (for good or ill). In contrast to such opinions, "moderate" ones are "middle of the road" or average. Indeed, in political parties, the "moderates" are precisely those people who are said to avoid radical positions.

Example Question #2 : Sentence Completions: Conjunctions And Sentence Logic

Sentence Completions: Select the word or phrase that most correctly completes the sentence.

Since he hated all forms of change, Brandon preferred __________ answers to life’s problems instead of new and bold solutions.

Possible Answers:

forgotten

questionable

meek

traditional

unconventional

Correct answer:

traditional

Explanation:

The key "trigger" word is "instead." This indicates a contrast between Brandon's preferences and the thing following "instead of." In contrast to "new and bold" solutions, Brandon must like "older, tested solutions." When something is "traditional," it is the sort of thing that has been "handed down" from past generations. It contrasts with the "new and the bold" by being "old and familiar."

Example Question #7 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence completions: Fill in the gap(s) in this sentence.

It is late at night and I am walking alone; as a result, I feel __________ and keep checking the sidewalk behind me.

Possible Answers:

rage

enamored

wary

effusive

passive

Correct answer:

wary

Explanation:

The sentence suggests that the author is feeling nervous walking home alone at night. The answer choice that most closely resembles nervous is “wary,” which means nervous and cautious. To further help you, "enamored" means in love with; "passive" means restrained or not aggressive; "rage" means anger; "effusive" means demonstrative.

Example Question #8 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence Completions: Select the word or phrase that most correctly completes the sentence.

The boy broke several rules during recess and was expecting to get admonished by his teacher; however, in the end, the teacher felt sorry for the boy and was __________.

Possible Answers:

ominous

diabolical 

immaculate

lenient 

severe

Correct answer:

lenient 

Explanation:

The context of this sentence suggests that the teacher should have been inclined to punish the boy for breaking the rules, but instead decided to be tolerant and patient. When someone has good reason to be angry, but decides instead not to yell, we call this person "lenient." To provide further help, "severe" means intense or extreme, "diabolical" means evil, "immaculate" means spotless or perfect, and "ominous" means suggesting danger or threatening.

Example Question #9 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Sentence completions: Fill in the blank(s) to complete the sentence. 

Ryan was not my first choice for lab partner, but he gets the work done and is certainly more __________ than some of the other students in the class.

Possible Answers:

anonymous 

obtuse 

perennial

thickheaded

competent

Correct answer:

competent

Explanation:

From the context of the sentence, you know that Ryan is capable, but not spectacular at his studies. This is similar in meaning to “competent,” which means capable, but not the best. To provide further help, “obtuse” means dull, not sharp; “anonymous” means unknown; “perennial” means occurring regularly, constant

Example Question #10 : Sentence Completions: Context Clues

Todd's faults were not as __________ as many of his friends thought, for his apparently terrible character traits were, in fact, minor character flaws.

Possible Answers:

fanciful

grave

belittled

censured

blatant

Correct answer:

grave

Explanation:

If you were merely filling in the blank for this sentence without looking at the options provided, you would likely write: "Todd's faults were not as bad . . ." The second clause (after "for") implies that Todd only has minor character flaws, not major ones (even if the latter appears to be the case). The word "grave" does not only mean "a burial place." It is also can be used as an adjective meaning "serious." This use of the word comes from the Latin for "heavy" (as well as "serious") and is related to the word "gravity."

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