All Intermediate Geometry Resources
Example Question #1 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
What line is perpendicular to through ?
is given in the slope-intercept form. So the slope is and the y-intercept is .
If the lines are perpendicular, then so the new slope must be
Next we substitute the new slope and the given point into the slope-intercept form of the equation to calculate the intercept. So the equation to solve becomes so
So the equation of the perpendicular line becomes or in standard form
Example Question #51 : Lines
Which line below is perpendicular to ?
The definition of a perpendicular line is one that has a negative, reciprocal slope to another.
For this particular problem, we must first manipulate our initial equation into a more easily recognizable and useful form: slope-intercept form or .
According to our formula, our slope for the original line is . We are looking for an answer that has a perpendicular slope, or an opposite reciprocal. The opposite reciprocal of is . Flip the original and multiply it by .
Our answer will have a slope of . Search the answer choices for in the position of the equation.
is our answer.
(As an aside, the negative reciprocal of 4 is . Place the whole number over one and then flip/negate. This does not apply to the above problem, but should be understood to tackle certain permutations of this problem type where the original slope is an integer.)
Example Question #2 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
Find the equation of the line perpendicular to .
The definition of a perpendicular line is a line with a negative reciprocal slope and identical intercept.
Therefore we need a line with slope 3 and intercept 2.
This means the only fitting line is .
Example Question #3 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
Which one of these equations is perpendicular to:
To find the perpendicular line to
we need to find the negative reciprocal of the slope of the above equation.
So the slope of the above equation is since changes by when is incremented.
The negative reciprocal is:
So we are looking for an equation with a .
Only satisfies this condition.
Example Question #4 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
Suppose a line is represented by a function . Find the equation of a perpendicular line that intersects the point .
Determine the slope of the function . The slope is:
The slope of a perpendicular line is the negative reciprocal of the original slope. Determine the value of the slope perpendicular to the original function.
Plug in the given point and the slope to the slope-intercept form to find the y-intercept.
Substitute the slope of the perpendicular line and the new y-intercept back in the slope-intercept equation, .
The correct answer is:
Example Question #5 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
Suppose a perpendicular line passes through and point . Find the equation of the perpendicular line.
Find the slope from the given equation . The slope is: .
The slope of the perpendicular line is the negative reciprocal of the original slope.
Plug in the perpendicular slope and the given point to the slope-intercept equation.
Plug in the perpendicular slope and the y-intercept into the slope-intercept equation to get the equation of the perpendicular line.
Example Question #6 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
Find a line perpendicular , but passing through the point .
Since we need a line perpendicular to we know our slope must be . This is because perpendicular lines have slopes that are negative reciprocals of each other. In order for our new line to pass through the point we must use the point slope formula. Be sure to use the perpendicular slope.
Example Question #7 : How To Find The Equation Of A Perpendicular Line
A line is perpendicular to the line of the equation
and passes through the point .
Give the equation of the line.
A line perpendicular to another line will have as its slope the opposite of the reciprocal of the slope of the latter. Therefore, it is necessary to find the slope of the line of the equation
Rewrite the equation in slope-intercept form . , the coefficient of , will be the slope of the line.
Add to both sides:
Multiply both sides by , distributing on the right:
The slope of this line is . The slope of the first line will be the opposite of the reciprocal of this, or . The slope-intercept form of the equation of this line will be
To find , set and and solve:
Add to both sides:
The equation, in slope-intercept form, is .
To rewrite in standard form with integer coefficients:
Multiply both sides by 5:
Add to both sides: