IB Psychology SL : Experimental research in psychology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for IB Psychology SL

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Example Questions

Example Question #4 : Simple Experimental Study

Which subdiscipline of psychology focuses on studying human behavior in the workplace?

Possible Answers:

Industrial-organizational psychology

Applied psychology

Developmental psychology

Environmental psychology

Sociological psychology

Correct answer:

Industrial-organizational psychology

Explanation:

"Industrial-organizational psychology" focuses on applying the scientific study of individuals and groups to optimizing workplace performance. Psychologists in this field typically work for large corporations and help them to improve areas including employee satisfaction, employee retention, and productivity. 

Example Question #5 : Simple Experimental Study

Which of the following correctly places the emergence of the fundamental theories in chronological order?

Possible Answers:

Gestalt Psychology, Structuralism, Functionalism, Evolutionary Psychology

Structuralism, Functionalism, Evolutionary Psychology, Gestalt Psychology

Structuralism, Gestalt Psychology, Functionalism, Evolutionary Psychology

None of these

Evolutionary Psychology, Functionalism, Structuralism, Gestalt Psychology

Correct answer:

Structuralism, Functionalism, Evolutionary Psychology, Gestalt Psychology

Explanation:

Wilhelm Wundt, regarded historically as one of the founders of modern psychology, introduced his structuralist perspective in the late 1870's, as the first major psychological perspective. In direct response to this, the school of functionalism in the later 1880s was introduced by William James. Gestalt psychology was first introduced in 1890 by Christian von Ehrenfels, though the idea of gestalt can be traced back as far as David Hume and Immanuel Kant. Last, evolutionary psychology did not begin to differentiate itself from mere evolutionary biology until well into the 20th century, with most historians placing the actual date around the 1960's-1980's (Donald Symons likely being the first dedicated evolutionary psychologist in the 1970's).

Example Question #6 : Simple Experimental Study

Which subdiscipline of psychology focuses on studying human behavior in the workplace?

Possible Answers:

Sociological psychology

Industrial-organizational psychology

Developmental psychology

Environmental psychology

Applied psychology

Correct answer:

Industrial-organizational psychology

Explanation:

"Industrial-organizational psychology" focuses on applying the scientific study of individuals and groups to optimizing workplace performance. Psychologists in this field typically work for large corporations and help them to improve areas including employee satisfaction, employee retention, and productivity. 

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