IB Psychology HL : Sociocultural level of analysis

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for IB Psychology HL

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Example Questions

Example Question #5 : Ib Psychology Hl

According to which theory would a person who faints in the middle of the street be less likely to be helped if there are ten witnesses rather than one?

Possible Answers:

Social facilitation

Social loafing

Fundamental attribution error

Bystander effect

Cognitive dissonance

Correct answer:

Bystander effect

Explanation:

The "bystander effect" refers to the phenomenon that people are less likely to intervene in emergency situations when a group of people are present. This finding is attributed to diffusion of responsibility, where people feel less responsible in groups than when they are alone. Cognitive dissonance refers to a person's attempt to resolve the discomfort experienced by holding contradictory beliefs. The fundamental attribution error is the tendency to make internal attributions for other people's behaviors rather than look at the situation. Social loafing occurs when people put in less effort when working in groups rather than when working alone. They often feel that their minimal contributions will not be noticed. On the other hand, social facilitation refers to the tendency of people to perform better when in the presence of others.

Example Question #6 : Ib Psychology Hl

According to which theory would a person who faints in the middle of the street be less likely to be helped if there are ten witnesses rather than one?

Possible Answers:

Bystander effect

Social facilitation

Social loafing

Cognitive dissonance

Fundamental attribution error

Correct answer:

Bystander effect

Explanation:

The "bystander effect" refers to the phenomenon that people are less likely to intervene in emergency situations when a group of people are present. This finding is attributed to diffusion of responsibility, where people feel less responsible in groups than when they are alone. Cognitive dissonance refers to a person's attempt to resolve the discomfort experienced by holding contradictory beliefs. The fundamental attribution error is the tendency to make internal attributions for other people's behaviors rather than look at the situation. Social loafing occurs when people put in less effort when working in groups rather than when working alone. They often feel that their minimal contributions will not be noticed. On the other hand, social facilitation refers to the tendency of people to perform better when in the presence of others.

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