IB Psychology HL : Introduction to qualitative research methodology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for IB Psychology HL

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #2 : Qualitative Research Study

Which of the following is not a qualitative research method used in psychology?

Possible Answers:

Focus groups

Participant observations

Case studies

Surveys

Informal interviews 

Correct answer:

Surveys

Explanation:

Qualitative research methods collects data utilizing naturalistic and verbal reports. Qualitative research methods rely data that is not numerical in nature. Qualitative data are collected in the following methods: case studies, participant observations, focus groups, and informal interviews. Case studies such as the Genie (the feral child) and Phineas Gage incorporate the observation and study of subjects for extended periods of time. Participant observation is a qualitative method of study preferred by those who wish to learn more about a particular group or culture through social immersion where the researcher takes on the dual role of both participant and observer. Focus groups are a common qualitative method that use semistructured interviews with a small group of individuals to gather data on particular phenomena. Likewise, informal interviews use semistructured guides to ask subjects questions in order to gather information regarding particular phenomena. On the other hand, surveys are quantitative by nature. Surveys typically use dichotomous, rating, Likert, and semantic differential scales to analyze and code respondent's answers to perform statistical operations that help to explain a particular phenomenon. 

Example Question #1 : Introduction To Qualitative Research Methodology

A group of psychologists decide to study language acquisition and development of children in a particular Amish community. They decide to use ethnographic methods to study this particular phenomenon. Which of the following methods of data collection would these individuals most likely use?

Possible Answers:

Participant observation

Historical analysis 

Self-reporting surveys

Experimentation

None of these

Correct answer:

Participant observation

Explanation:

In this situation, the psychologists would most likely use methods of participant observation. Ethnographers imbed themselves in a community and take on the dual role of both participant and observer. In this way, they collect data through direct observations. These observations are then analyzed and coded in order to generate conclusions about the Amish community. The other methods—experimentation, surveys, and historical analysis—utilize methods that are not commonly associated with ethnography. These methods can supplement ethnographic analysis; however, they are not a primary component of ethnography.

Example Question #2 : Introduction To Qualitative Research Methodology

Which of the following is not a qualitative research method used in psychology?

Possible Answers:

Participant observations

Focus groups

Case studies

Surveys

Informal interviews 

Correct answer:

Surveys

Explanation:

Qualitative research methods collects data utilizing naturalistic and verbal reports. Qualitative research methods rely data that is not numerical in nature. Qualitative data are collected in the following methods: case studies, participant observations, focus groups, and informal interviews. Case studies such as the Genie (the feral child) and Phineas Gage incorporate the observation and study of subjects for extended periods of time. Participant observation is a qualitative method of study preferred by those who wish to learn more about a particular group or culture through social immersion where the researcher takes on the dual role of both participant and observer. Focus groups are a common qualitative method that use semistructured interviews with a small group of individuals to gather data on particular phenomena. Likewise, informal interviews use semistructured guides to ask subjects questions in order to gather information regarding particular phenomena. On the other hand, surveys are quantitative by nature. Surveys typically use dichotomous, rating, Likert, and semantic differential scales to analyze and code respondent's answers to perform statistical operations that help to explain a particular phenomenon. 

Example Question #3 : Introduction To Qualitative Research Methodology

A group of psychologists decide to study language acquisition and development of children in a particular Amish community. They decide to use ethnographic methods to study this particular phenomenon. Which of the following methods of data collection would these individuals most likely use?

Possible Answers:

Experimentation

Historical analysis 

Participant observation

Self-reporting surveys

None of these

Correct answer:

Participant observation

Explanation:

In this situation, the psychologists would most likely use methods of participant observation. Ethnographers imbed themselves in a community and take on the dual role of both participant and observer. In this way, they collect data through direct observations. These observations are then analyzed and coded in order to generate conclusions about the Amish community. The other methods—experimentation, surveys, and historical analysis—utilize methods that are not commonly associated with ethnography. These methods can supplement ethnographic analysis; however, they are not a primary component of ethnography.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: