"We started by checking the student's English homework today. He got a lot more questions wrong than last time, so we did some review to make sure he is clear on the strategy. I told him to consider whether the question is about punctuation, the clear, consistent, and concise method, or style and organization, because there are different strategies to use for each different type of question. He should think about what he is being tested on before he starts looking for an answer. He is having the most trouble on style and organization questions. I told him if the question actually asks a question rather than just giving four possible choices to replace the underlined section that it is an organization question and has nothing to do with grammar. He should be looking for the main idea of the paragraph or essay and choosing the answer choice that best fits or supports that idea to be correct in this kind of question.
In the second hour we worked on the science section. We first went over the layout of the test and decided on a strategy. In order to save time he will identify the section that looks the longest and most complicated right away and then skip that section in order to get the most possible correct on the remaining six sections. He is more likely to achieve his goal in this way. I then advised him not to do the remaining passages in order, but rather to find the shortest passages with the easiest to read charts and graphs and do them first. We then talked about basic science concepts, including direct and indirect relationships, interpolation and extrapolation, and controlled variables. It's very important that he makes sure only one variable is altered at a time to determine its effect on the data. Then I showed him some common question types. For the two part answers he should use process of elimination, decide whether the answer is Yes or No first, then look at the reasoning of the two remaining answer choices. This is a very common answer format so it's important that he's looking for them. Finally, we went over how to look at data, that he should look at the variables first, then try to identify the general trend of the data, and finally look for any variables that are controlled in the setup of the experiment. Then he can look at the questions to find the correct answer from the data.
For homework I gave him a full science test and half a math test to do for our next lesson."