HSPT Verbal : Part and Part

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Analogies

Tassel is to cord as valediction is to __________.

Possible Answers:

indication

dismissal

signal

conversation

salutation

Correct answer:

conversation

Explanation:

A tassel is placed at the end of a cord, generally as an ornament. (It is the little “stringy tuft” at the end of such cords). A “valediction” is a statement of farewell. The “valedictorian” of a class is so named because he is the one who says “farewell” on behalf of the class. (Also, he speaks after the salutatorian, who is the one who greets the class. The word “salutatorian” comes from words in Latin used to greet someone). Thus, among the options provided, the only proper case is “conversation,” for a “valediction” comes at the end of a conversation as a tassel comes at the end of a cord.

Example Question #12 : Analogies

Novice is to beginning as terminal is to __________.

Possible Answers:

intermittent

airport

progression

end

travel

Correct answer:

end

Explanation:

A novice is a person who is inexperienced or new to a given field of study or work. Thus, such a person is at the beginning of his or her work in that area. A “terminal” is something that is at the end of a structure or process. A terminal does necessarily occur only at the “finish line” (so to speak), as both ends of a (e.g.) stick can be considered its “terminal points.” Still, just as a novice is metaphorically at the beginning of his or her work, so is a terminal point (physically or metaphorically) at an end of a process or physical being. Since no other option captures this sense of “location” (whether physically or metaphorically), “end” is the best option for this analogy.

Example Question #1 : Part And Part

Answer the question by selecting the word that best completes the comparison.

Seven is to septagon as nine is to __________.

Possible Answers:

geometry

nonagon

octagon

ten

triangle

Correct answer:

nonagon

Explanation:

A "septagon" has "seven" sides, just as a "nonagon" has "nine" sides.

Example Question #2 : Part And Part

Complete this analogy.

Pulmonary is to lungs as cardiac is to __________.

Possible Answers:

kidney

heart

circulation

tongue

pump

Correct answer:

heart

Explanation:

The word “pulmonary” comes from the Latin word for the lungs. It is used to in English to describe physical conditions related to these organs, as when someone has pulmonary embolism, which is a type of blockage of blood to the lung. Just as “pulmonary” describes the lungs, “cardiac” describes conditions related to the heart.

Example Question #3 : Part And Part

Answer the question by choosing the word that best completes the comparison.

Primary is to first as tertiary is to __________.

Possible Answers:

one

planet

third

second

numbers

Correct answer:

third

Explanation:

"Primary" and "first" are synonyms, just as "tertiary" and "third" mean the same thing.

Example Question #4 : Part And Part

Answer the question by selecting the word that best completes the analogy.

Guitar is to lute as clarinet is to __________.

Possible Answers:

banjo

piano

oboe

symphony

popular

Correct answer:

oboe

Explanation:

A "guitar" and a "lute" are both stringed instruments, just as a "clarinet" and an "oboe" are both woodwind instruments. 

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