HSPT Verbal : Antonyms: Other Adjectives

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Other Adjectives

An antonym of "brilliant" is __________.

Possible Answers:

laboring

obscure

intellectual

impoverished

fastidious

Correct answer:

obscure

Explanation:

Several of the wrong answers attempt to have you associate "brilliant" with the sense of being intelligent—a standard and acceptable usage. However, none of these wrong options are well enough matched as antonyms—they would have to be explicitly opposed to such intellectual ability. Instead, "brilliant" is being used here in a more literal and physical sense—describing something that is bright in the light. Something can be physically "obscure" when it is shadowed or darkened. (From this, we talk about an "obscure idea," which is perhaps the more standard use of the word "obscure" in our day-to-day talk.)

Example Question #2 : Antonyms: Other Adjectives

An antonym of "copious" is __________.

Possible Answers:

filthy

impatient

vulgar

cheap

meager

Correct answer:

meager

Explanation:

The word "copious" comes from the Latin for store or plenty. When something is "copious," it exists in great quantities. The best antonym is "meager," meaning little in quantity or quality.

Example Question #3 : Antonyms: Other Adjectives

An antonym of "vulgar" is __________.

Possible Answers:

musical

taciturn

quiet

refined

miserable

Correct answer:

refined

Explanation:

We tend to think of "vulgar" in the sense of "vulgarity" or the use of swear words; however, this notion comes from the general notion or meaning of "vulgar," which comes from the Latin meaning pertaining to the ordinary people. Something vulgar is lacking in refinement or culture. Therefore, the best antonym among the options provided is "refined," meaning elegant or cultured.

Example Question #4 : Antonyms: Other Adjectives

An antonym of "blatant" is __________.

Possible Answers:

truthful

misquoted

concealed

veracious

recognizable

Correct answer:

concealed

Explanation:

When an action is "blatant," it is done without any attempt to hide it. Perhaps you have heard the expression used, "That was a blatant lie," (or some other close expression like that). Such a sentence means "That was a total lie—without any attempt to hide the fact." In contrast to this, a concealed act is one that is hidden—or at least an attempt is made to hide the act. This is a good contrast to something done blatantly.

Example Question #5 : Antonyms: Other Adjectives

An antonym of "innocuous" is __________.

Possible Answers:

viral

curable

detrimental

technical

bacterial

Correct answer:

detrimental

Explanation:

The verb "inoculate" is likely more familiar than the adjective "innocuous." When we get inoculated for a virus, we receive a vaccine (or other kind of treatment) to remove the danger of getting the illness in question. Something that is "innocuous" is therefore something that is not dangerous or harmful. When something is "detrimental," it causes harm. Often, we use this word in expressions like "It was much to his detriment that he did not study a language at a younger age." The idea in such expressions is that it harms his present state of life that he did not study a language when he was younger. Something detrimental is not innocuous.

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