HSPT Verbal : Abilities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #22 : Qualities, Abilities, And Other Analogies

"Cardiologist" is to "heart" as "ecologist" is to __________.

Possible Answers:

forests

streams

biological

environment

fauna

Correct answer:

environment

Explanation:

The cardiologist is a specialist at studying the heart. The word itself as a root for “heart” in it—namely, “card-.” A “cardiac arrest” occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating. An “ecologist” is one who studies the environment, generally speaking. An ecosystem, for example, is the whole system of organisms and material environment in a given area. While each of the other options are part of the environment and animals therein, none of them is equivalent to the environment in general.

Example Question #421 : Analogies

Musician is to concert as dancer is to __________.

Possible Answers:

ballet

gyration

tap

music

twirling

Correct answer:

ballet

Explanation:

A musician performs a concert, so the answer must be something that a dancer performs. While you might think that “gyration” would work, this is a specific action, not a type of event (like concert). Thus, “ballet” is the best answer for this. Even though all dancers do not necessarily perform ballets, this option alone establishes a parallel with dancer in a manner similar to the relationship between musician and concert.

Example Question #1 : Abilities

Choose the answer that best completes the comparison.

Cardiovascular is to heart as pulmonary is to __________.

Possible Answers:

lungs

doctor

skeleton

kidneys

brain

Correct answer:

lungs

Explanation:

"Cardiovascular" is a medical term relating to the "heart," just as "pulmonary" refers to the "lungs."

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: