HSPT Math : How to work with percentages

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Math

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Example Questions

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Example Question #64 : Problem Solving

The price of a suit after a 20% employee discount is $240.00. What is the original price?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Deducting a 20% discount is the same as charging 80% of the price, so $240.00 is 80% of the original price, which we call . Just solve this equation:

The suit originally cost $300.00

Example Question #1 : How To Work With Percentages

Express   %  as a fraction in lowest terms.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Put the percent over 100 and simplify as follows:

Note: all of these choices are equivalent to  %; but only  is in lowest terms.

 

Example Question #2 : How To Work With Percentages

24 is what percent of 96?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Translate the sentence into an equation

Isolate  and you get .

Remember that the question is asking for a percentage, so convert  into .

Example Question #1 : How To Work With Percentages

A store normally sells a certain coat for $40.  For the holidays it offers a sale where the new price of the coat is now $30.  What percent discount is the store selling the coat for?

Possible Answers:

 discount

 discount

 discount

 discount

 discount

Correct answer:

 discount

Explanation:

The coat is $10 cheaper than normal. 

Example Question #2 : How To Work With Percentages

Marshal saves 10% of his paycheck each week. If Marshal earned $652.20 this week, approximately how much money did he save?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The word approximately tells you that you need to estimate to get the answer. $652.20 can round up to $700 because 52.20 is more than half of 100. Since 10% is equal to the decimal 0.10, we multiply 700 by this number in order to find out what 10% of 700 is.

The answer is  

Example Question #3 : How To Work With Percentages

The sales tax rate for a particular locality is 9%. How much will be paid after tax for $154.92 worth of groceries?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Multiply the price of the groceries before tax - $154.92 - by the decimal equivalent of 9% , which is 0.09. Round this tax to the nearest hundredth (cents), then add to the price of the groceries.

Tax: 

Price after tax: 

Example Question #4 : How To Work With Percentages

Susan has a coupon for 10% off any one item at her favorite department store. There is also a storewide sale of 50% off all purchases. 

If Susan wants to by a shirt originally priced at $42, how much will she pay?

Possible Answers:

$20.00

$21.00

$37.80

$18.90

$16.50

Correct answer:

$18.90

Explanation:

The storewide sale discounts the shirt by 50%:

Susan also has the 10% off coupon, so she's really paying 90% of the cost of the shirt:

 

Example Question #7 : How To Work With Percentages

Exactly  of the plants in a garden are tomato plants.  Which of the following could be the total number of plants in the garden?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The total number of plants has to be divisible by 3.  Of the answer choices, the only one that is divisible by 3 is 18.  You can check this because numbers that are divisible have the sum of their digits also divisible by 3. For example,

 

which is divisible by 3, so 18 is divisible by 3.

Example Question #8 : How To Work With Percentages

To get on the ballot for student body president, a student must turn in a petition with the signatures of 3% of the students. If there are 5,319 students, how many signatures must a student get to be on that ballot? (Nearest whole person)

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

3% of 5,319 can be calculated by multiplying 5,319 by 0.03, the decimal equivalent of 3%:

Multiply 5,319 by 3, then move the decimal point so that two digits are to the right:

,

so

Rounded to the nearest whole number, this is 160 signatures.

Example Question #9 : How To Work With Percentages

A laptop computer is on sale for 40% less than the original price. If the original price is $345.00, what is the laptop's current sale price?

 

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First, multiply the original price by the sale percentage:

Then, subtract that amount from the original price to get the sale price:

.

The laptop's current sale price is 

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