HiSET: Math : Functional relationship between two quantities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HiSET: Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Functional Relationship Between Two Quantities

A restaurant sets the prices of its dishes using the following function:

Price = (Cost of Ingredients) + (40% of the Cost of Ingredients) + 5

where all quantities are in U.S. Dollars. 

If the cost of ingredients for a steak dish is $14, what will the restaurant set the price of the steak dish at?

Possible Answers:

$19

$19.60

$24.60

$14

$13.40

Correct answer:

$24.60

Explanation:

The price of the dish is a function of a single variable, the cost of the ingredients. One way to conceptualize the problem is by thinking of it in function notation. Let  be the variable representing the cost of the ingredients. Let  be a function of the cost of ingredients giving the price of the dish. Then, we can turn

"Price = (Cost of Ingredients) + (40% of the Cost of Ingredients) + 5"

into a regular equation with recognizable parts. Replace "Price" with  and replace "cost of ingredients" with the variable .

Simplify by combining like terms ( and ) to obtain:

The cost of ingredients for the steak dish is $14, so substitute 14 for .

 

All that's left is to compute the answer:

So, the steak dish will have a price of $24.60.

Example Question #2 : Functional Relationship Between Two Quantities

Analyze function shapes jul 22 2016

The plot shows the graphs of five different equations. Using shape and location, determine which graphed line corresponds to the equation .

Possible Answers:

Line C

Line B

Line E

Line D

Line A

Correct answer:

Line B

Explanation:

The power of  and  are both 1, so this is a linear equation of order 1. Therefore, the graph must be a straight line. We can eliminate A and E, since neither are straight lines. 

The equation is given in the slope-intercept form, , where  stands for the slope of the line and  stands for the line's y-intercept. Since , the coefficient of x, is positive here, we are looking for a line that goes upwards. We can eliminate D since it goes downwards, and therefore has a negative slope.

In the given equation, the constant , which represents the y-intercept, is also positive. Therefore, the line we are looking for also must intersect the y-axis at a positive value. The graph C appears to intersect the y-axis at a negative value, whereas the graph B appears to intersect the y-axis at a positive value. Therefore, B is the corresponding graph.

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