High School Math : How to find the surface area of a cone

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for High School Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

What is the surface area of a cone with a radius of 4 and a height of 3?

Possible Answers:

48\pi

25\pi

16\pi

40\pi

36\pi

Correct answer:

36\pi

Explanation:

Here we simply need to remember the formula for the surface area of a cone and plug in our values for the radius and height.

\Pi r^{2} + \Pi r\sqrt{r^{2} + h^{2}}= \Pi\ast 4^{2} + \Pi \ast 4\sqrt{4^{2} + 3^{2}} = 16\Pi + 4\Pi \sqrt{25} = 16\Pi + 20\Pi = 36\Pi

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

The lateral area is twice as big as the base area of a cone.  If the height of the cone is 9, what is the entire surface area (base area plus lateral area)?

Possible Answers:

81π

90π

54π

27π

Correct answer:

81π

Explanation:

Lateral Area = LA = π(r)(l) where r = radius of the base and l = slant height

LA = 2B

π(r)(l) = 2π(r2)

rl = 2r2

l = 2r

Cone

From the diagram, we can see that r2 + h2 = l2.  Since h = 9 and l = 2r, some substitution yields

r2 + 92 = (2r)2 

r2 + 81 = 4r2 

81 = 3r2 

27 = r2

B = π(r2) = 27π

LA = 2B = 2(27π) = 54π

SA = B + LA = 81π

 

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

What is the surface area of a cone with a height of 8 and a base with a radius of 5?

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To find the surface area of a cone we must plug in the appropriate numbers into the equation

where is the radius of the base, and is the lateral, or slant height of the cone.

First we must find the area of the circle.

To find the area of the circle we plug in our radius into the equation of a circle which is

This yields .

We then need to know the surface area of the cone shape.

To find this we must use our height and our radius to make a right triangle in order to find the lateral height using Pythagorean’s Theorem.

Pythagorean’s Theorem states

Take the radius and height and plug them into the equation as a and b to yield 

First square the numbers 

After squaring the numbers add them together 

Once you have the sum, square root both sides 

After calculating we find our length is 

Then plug the length into the second portion of our surface area equation above to get 

Then add the area of the circle with the conical area to find the surface area of the entire figure 

The answer is .

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

What is the surface area of a cone with a radius of 6 in and a height of 8 in?

Possible Answers:

112π in2

36π in2

96π in2

66π in2

60π in2

Correct answer:

96π in2

Explanation:

Find the slant height of the cone using the Pythagorean theorem:  r2 + h2 = s2 resulting in 62 + 82 = s2 leading to s2 = 100 or s = 10 in

SA = πrs + πr2 = π(6)(10) + π(6)2 = 60π + 36π = 96π in2

60π in2 is the area of the cone without the base.

36π in2 is the area of the base only.

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

Find the surface area of a cone that has a radius of 12 and a slant height of 15.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The standard equation to find the surface area of a cone is 

where  denotes the slant height of the cone, and  denotes the radius.

Plug in the given values for  and  to find the answer:

Example Question #14 : Cones

Find the surface area of the following cone.

Cone

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The formula for the surface area of a cone is:

where  is the radius of the cone and  is the slant height of the cone.

 

Plugging in our values, we get:

Example Question #3 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

Find the surface area of the following cone.

Cone

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The formula for the surface area of a cone is:

 

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the radius:

 

Plugging in our values, we get:

Example Question #4 : How To Find The Surface Area Of A Cone

Find the surface area of the following half cone.

Half_cone

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The formula for the surface area of the half cone is:

Where  is the radius,  is the slant height, and  is the height of the cone.

 

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the height of the cone:

 

Plugging in our values, we get:

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