High School Chemistry : Using Moles

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for High School Chemistry

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Units

Consider the following four samples:

 of potassium

 of lithium

 of magnesium

 of chlorine gas 

Which of the given samples contains the most atoms?

Possible Answers:

Lithium

Chlorine

They all have the same number of atoms

Potassium

Correct answer:

Lithium

Explanation:

It is important to note that the mass of a sample does not tell you the amount of atoms in the sample. The number of atoms in a sample is dependent on the number moles in a sample, given by Avogadro's number. Here is the number of moles for each sample:

Remember that chlorine is a diatomic mass, so each molecules contains two atoms. This doubles the molar mass for the conversion.

The sample with the greatest number of moles will also contain the most atoms. In this case, the sample of lithium results in the largest number of moles and, thus, the greatest number of atoms.

Example Question #2 : Measurements

Consider the reaction above. If you start with  of potassium bromide, how many moles of bromine are produced? How many molecules is this equal to?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

In the chemical equation, the ratio of potassium bromide to bromine is 2:1, so for every 2 moles of , 1 mole of  is produced. Therefore, if we start with 4 moles of , we get 2 moles of . The number of molecules is equal to the number of moles times Avogadro's Number. Since we've determined the number of moles to be 2, the number of molecules is:

Example Question #3 : Units

Convert the following amount from grams (g) to moles (m)

How many moles is  of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Use the periodic table to calculate the molecular weight of sodium hydroxide.

Next, use dimensional analysis to find the number of moles.

Example Question #4 : Units

How many moles of  are present in  of the substance?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The molecular weight of carbon dioxide is , meaning in  of , there are  of the substance.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: