All High School Chemistry Resources
Example Question #6 : Measurements
Consider the following four samples:
of chlorine gas
Which of the given samples contains the most atoms?
They all have the same number of atoms
It is important to note that the mass of a sample does not tell you the amount of atoms in the sample. The number of atoms in a sample is dependent on the number moles in a sample, given by Avogadro's number. Here is the number of moles for each sample:
Remember that chlorine is a diatomic mass, so each molecules contains two atoms. This doubles the molar mass for the conversion.
The sample with the greatest number of moles will also contain the most atoms. In this case, the sample of lithium results in the largest number of moles and, thus, the greatest number of atoms.
Example Question #1 : Using Moles
Consider the reaction above. If you start with of potassium bromide, how many moles of bromine are produced? How many molecules is this equal to?
In the chemical equation, the ratio of potassium bromide to bromine is 2:1, so for every 2 moles of , 1 mole of is produced. Therefore, if we start with 4 moles of , we get 2 moles of . The number of molecules is equal to the number of moles times Avogadro's Number. Since we've determined the number of moles to be 2, the number of molecules is:
Example Question #8 : Measurements
Convert the following amount from grams (g) to moles (m)
How many moles is of ?
Use the periodic table to calculate the molecular weight of sodium hydroxide.
Next, use dimensional analysis to find the number of moles.
Example Question #9 : Measurements
How many moles of are present in of the substance?
The molecular weight of carbon dioxide is , meaning in of , there are of the substance.