All High School Chemistry Resources
Example Question #1 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
Consider the following reaction:
How much ammonia will be created if of nitrogen gas is used in the reaction?
Since we are given the mass of nitrogen gas that will be used, we will need to convert the amount into moles. We can then compare the molar ratios in the balanced reaction, and multiply the moles of ammonia by its molar mass. Using dimensional analysis, we can use a calculation that will allow us to end with "grams of ammonia" as the solved unit.
Example Question #2 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
What is the percent composition by mass of oxygen in a molecule of glucose?
The formula for glucose is .
First, we must find the molecular weight of the entire molecule of glucose. We do this individually for each element. Using oxygen as an example, we multiply the atomic mass (16) by the number of atoms per glucose molecule:
We do similar calculations for carbon and hydrogen to find our total molecular weight for glucose.
Sum these values to find the molecular weight.
Next, to find percent composition by mass for oxygen, we are being asked to find how much of one molecule of glucose's weight comes from oxygen. To do this we divide the mass of oxygen by the molecular weight:
Thus 53.3% of the mass of glucose comes from oxygen alone.
Example Question #3 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
What is the mass of 25 iron atoms?
First, convert the number of atoms to moles using Avogadro's number:
Next, convert moles of iron to grams of iron using the molar mass:
Example Question #4 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
How many moles are in a sample of ?
To find the number of moles in a sample, use the periodic table to find the molar mass. Since the atomic weights of and are and , respectively, add the two atomic masses to determine the molar mass of
Next, use dimensional analysis to find the number of moles in the given mass of the sample.
Example Question #5 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
How many grams of are in 5.61mol of ?
Use the periodic table to compute the molecular mass of .
Next, use dimensional analysis to convert grams to moles.
Use the correct number of significant figures.
Example Question #6 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
A silicon microchip weighs 7.2mg. How many atoms of silicon are in the microchip?
First convert the 7.2mg of silicon into grams:
Then convert grams of silicon into moles of silicon:
Finally, convert moles of silicon into atoms using Avogadro's number:
Since 7.2mg of silicon is much less than 1 mole (which we know weighs 28.09g) our answer makes sense as it is much less than Avogadro's number.
Example Question #7 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
Blood contains various dissolved ions including calcium , which is involved in many biological processes (like muscle contraction). One liter of blood from an unknown animal was shown to contain of . Calculate the mass of calcium atoms in one liter of blood.
None of these
None of these
The answer is not present, but equates to .
Use Avogadro's number to convert from atoms to moles:
Convert from moles of to grams of :
Example Question #8 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
What is the atomic number of calcium?
The atomic number is equal to the number of protons in an atom and can be determined using the periodic table. The atomic number is located on the top left of the box containing the desired chemical symbol. The chemical symbol for calcium is Ca and the atomic number is 20.
Example Question #9 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
How many neutrons does calcium-42 have?
The 42 in calcium-42 represents the mass number of calcium. The mass number equals the sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons. Using the periodic table, the number of protons in calcium can be determined using the atomic number. The atomic number of calcium is 20.
Using all this information the number of neutrons can be determined by subtracting the number of protons from the atomic mass number. The number of neutrons is 22.
Atomic Mass Number = Protons + Neutrons
Atomic Mass Number - Protons = Neutrons
Example Question #10 : Help With Molecular Weight And Molar Mass
An atom contains and . What is the mass number of this atom?
The mass number is equal to the number of protons plus the number of neutrons in an atom.
Protons + Neutrons = Mass Number