All High School Chemistry Resources
Example Question #1 : Calculating Solubility
Barium fluoride is an insoluble salt.
If the solubility product constant of barium fluoride is , what is the solubility of barium fluoride?
If given the solubility product constant for a salt, we can determine the solubility for the salt as well. In order to do this, we need to use an ICE table and the equilibrium constant expression.
Initial: When the salt is added to water, there are no ions initially in solution. Because the salt is a solid, its concentration is irrelevant.
Change: When one molecule of barium fluoride dissolves, one barium ion and two fluoride ions are introduced to the solution. As a result, barium ions increase by , and fluoride ions increase by .
End: The equilibrium expression for this salt is , which will allow us to calculate the solubility based on the change in ion concentration.
The solubility for barium fluoride is .
Example Question #2 : Calculating Solubility
Determine the maximum amount of grams of that will dissolve in of water at .
Definition of :
Due to the chemical formula, there will be twice as many chloride ions as lead ions.
Solve for the unknown variable:
Multiply times the given volume:
Multiply times the molar mass of :