GRE Verbal : Conjunctions and Text Logic in One-Blank Texts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Conjunctions And Text Logic In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Raised in a wealthy and permissive home, Arthur developed the fatal tendency of indulging even the basest of his impulses; no one ever accused him of being __________.

Possible Answers:

abstemious

hedonistic

blithe

laconic

abrasive

Correct answer:

abstemious

Explanation:

We know that we are looking for a word that is the opposite of how Arthur has been described, since "no one has ever" characterized him this way. So we are looking for a word that is the opposite of indulgent, and since an "abstemious" person is a person who practices self-denial, abstemious is correct.

Example Question #2 : Conjunctions And Text Logic In One Blank Texts

Fill in the blanks with the best answer.

Rather than increasing the opportunities to drill for natural gas, the bill intends to __________ oil production near national and state parks.

Possible Answers:

bolster

provoke

exonerate

concede

inhibit

Correct answer:

inhibit

Explanation:

"Inhibit" means to keep from exceeding a desirable degree or level. The beginning of the sentence has the word rather—this is a clue that what occurs on the other half of the sentence will be the opposite of what is stated before; in this case, the bill limits production rather than increasing it.

Example Question #3 : Context Clues In One Blank Texts

Fill in the blanks with the best answer.

Until now, the traditional narrative of Vincent Van Gogh's death was considered __________. New historical evidence, according to some scholars, could show that the artist was a victim of a murder.

Possible Answers:

imprecise

unequivocal

ambiguous

invaluable

dubitable

Correct answer:

unequivocal

Explanation:

"Unequivocal" means not subject to interpretation or more than one interpretation; in this case, there was only one way of explaining Van Gogh's death until new evidence arose. "Dubitable" here is an antonym of the correct word, meaning either open to doubt or questionable.

Example Question #3 : Conjunctions And Text Logic In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

She was infuriated by her classmates’ _________; she wanted to do something to fix the problems that everyone else seemed to accept as inevitable.

Possible Answers:

culpability

fervor

rebelliousness

quiescence

doggedness

Correct answer:

quiescence

Explanation:

“Quiescence” means complacency or passive acceptance, which is the only answer choice that would infuriate someone with a desire to act.

Example Question #4 : Conjunctions And Text Logic In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Todd tends to be ___________, he used a conversation partner to help him learn French.

Possible Answers:

fatuous

nimble

autodidactic

conscientious

sycophantic

Correct answer:

autodidactic

Explanation:

“Autodidactic” describes someone who learns on his own and teaches himself. The first phrase starting with “although” indicates that the word in the blank must be incompatible with using a conversation partner.

Example Question #5 : One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Unlike Chuck, whom most would describe as extremely __________, Bill rarely said an unnecessary word.

Possible Answers:

magnanimous

laudable

loquacious

reticent

tolerant

Correct answer:

loquacious

Explanation:

Chuck is set up to be the opposite of Bill, who is quiet, so Chuck must be talkative. "Loquacious" means talkative, so it is the answer.

Example Question #5 : Conjunctions And Text Logic In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Deborah disliked her teacher’s rambling speeches; she wished he were more __________.

Possible Answers:

laconic

garrulous

loquacious

pedantic

dull

Correct answer:

laconic

Explanation:

The word that fills in the blank must contrast with a teacher who rambles. Were Deborah’s teacher more "laconic" (that is, were he more brief and to the point), then he would not likely deliver rambling speeches. "Loquacious" and "garrulous" both mean talkative, while "pedantic" means strictly concerned with formal rules and book learning.

Example Question #7 : Context Clues In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Many people criticized the mayor’s decision to ban sugary drinks. However, a small group __________ his efforts to intertwine public health and public policy.

Possible Answers:

foisted

epitomized

bemoaned

lauded

reprobated

Correct answer:

lauded

Explanation:

The sentence makes a contrast between those who “criticized” the mayor’s decision and the way others responded. The adjective in the blank describes how this other “small group” reacted. "Lauded" means praised, which is the antonym of "criticized," and thus best completes the sentence.

Example Question #8 : Context Clues In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

While many people considered Peter to be a greedy __________, his closest friends knew that he had the virtue of great liberality.

Possible Answers:

entrepreneur

libertarian

miser

conservative

consumerist

Correct answer:

miser

Explanation:

The word "liberal" is used in many ways today—most of which have political overtones. Its more general meaning is generous, coming from the Latin for "free." It is related to words like "liberty" and "liberate." "Liberality" is the character trait of being very free and generous with one's money. This sentence begins with "while," indicating that although many people thought one thing about Peter, those who knew him well knew something different. In contrast to liberality, "miser" works well. A miser is someone who hoards his or her money, avoiding spending it at all.

Example Question #6 : Conjunctions And Text Logic In One Blank Texts

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

It was very difficult to guess what Justin would say, for he could engage in both __________ and understatement within a three-second interval.

Possible Answers:

illogic

precocity

lambasts

tautologies

hyperbole

Correct answer:

hyperbole

Explanation:

The "both . . . and" being used in the second clause helps to unpack why it was difficult to know what Justin would say. It seems that he would say conflicting things—hence the difficulty in guessing his next words. "Understatement" is a way of speaking that doesn't really address the true depths of some reality. For instance, a horrible murder might be called "kind of bad" by someone. This would be an understatement of the case. A great contrast to this is "hyperbole," meaning an expression that greatly overstates the case. For instance, someone might say that the day is the "coldest day ever" when it is not even at the point of freezing but merely brisk.

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