GRE Subject Test: Psychology : Hormonal Factors

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Hormonal Factors

Which of the following areas in the brain is not a part of the endocrine system?

Possible Answers:

Thyroid

Pineal Gland

Pituitary Gland

Pons

Hypothalamus

Correct answer:

Pons

Explanation:

While each of the other options is involved in the release and/or inhibition of hormones (including the hypothalamus, which produces hormones that direct the rest of the endocrine system), the pons function as a relayer of messages from the cortex and the cerebellum.

Example Question #2 : Hormonal Factors

Numerous experimental studies on prairie voles has found that which of the following neurotransmitters affect monogamy?

Possible Answers:

Epinephrine and nonepinephrine

Dopamine and testosterone

Vasopressin and oxytocin

Dopamine and seratonin

Estrogen and testosterone 

Correct answer:

Vasopressin and oxytocin

Explanation:

Oxytocin and vasopressin receptors are more prevalent in prairie voles who have a pair-bond than in those who've yet to mate, indicating higher releases of those two neurotransmitters in monogamous prairie voles--prairie voles which are considered promiscuous, when does with both of these neurotransmitters, become monogamous.

Example Question #3 : Hormonal Factors

A 19 year old female is walking home from her friends apartment when a dog beings to follow her. The girl becomes very nervous and begins to run. Which of the following neurotransmitters is responsible for her feelings of fear?

Possible Answers:

Neostigmine

Epinephrine

Estrogen

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Correct answer:

Epinephrine

Explanation:

This scenario is an example of a fight or flight response. Epinephrine is the only hormone listed here that is involved in this response. Another correct answer, not listed, would be norepinephrine. The other choices are incorrect. Acetylcholine is responsible for the "rest and digest" response. Dopamine is responsible for the body's reward system. Neostigmine is a drug that acts like acetylcholine. Last, estrogen is a female sex hormone.

Example Question #4 : Hormonal Factors

A 19 year old female is walking home from her friends apartment when a dog beings to follow her. The girl is very nervous and begins to run. She makes it home and lays down on the couch. After a couple minutes she feels relaxed. Which of the following neurotransmitters is at a high level during relaxation?

Possible Answers:

Dopamine

None of these

Epinephrine

Norepinephrine

Acetylcholine

Correct answer:

Acetylcholine

Explanation:

Relaxation indicates that the body possesses a high level of acetylcholine. This is know as the "rest and digest" stage. Epinephrine and norepinephrine perform the opposite task of acetylcholine and are "fight or flight" neurotransmitters. Last, dopamine is a pleasure hormone

All GRE Subject Test: Psychology Resources

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