GRE Subject Test: Psychology : Ethical Issues

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Psychology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Ethical Issues

Internal review boards (IRBs) set ethical guidelines for institutional research. Which of the following studies have been considered unethical by modern standards?

Possible Answers:

Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

Milgram's Obedience and Authority Experiment

None of these

All of these

Correct answer:

All of these

Explanation:

Modern IRBs have set standards for the ethical treatment of subjects. Each of the studies listed violated the regulations set by IRBs. Milgram’s use of deception violated the rights of his subjects and may have exposed them to unnecessary mental anguish. Zimbardo’s prison experiment was not terminated after “prison guards” inhumanely abused “inmates,” which resulted in both physical and mental harm of subject’s well being. Last, researchers in the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment did not provide treatments to subjects in order to observe the final stages of the disease, which resulted in the death and suffering of many individuals. Each of these violated the rights of subjects involved in varying degrees.

Example Question #2 : Ethical Issues

Internal review boards (IRBs) set ethical guidelines for institutional research. Which of the following studies have been considered unethical by modern standards?

Possible Answers:

None of these

All of these

Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

Milgram's Obedience and Authority Experiment

Correct answer:

All of these

Explanation:

Modern IRBs have set standards for the ethical treatment of subjects. Each of the studies listed violated the regulations set by IRBs. Milgram’s use of deception violated the rights of his subjects and may have exposed them to unnecessary mental anguish. Zimbardo’s prison experiment was not terminated after “prison guards” inhumanely abused “inmates,” which resulted in both physical and mental harm of subject’s well being. Last, researchers in the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment did not provide treatments to subjects in order to observe the final stages of the disease, which resulted in the death and suffering of many individuals. Each of these violated the rights of subjects involved in varying degrees.

All GRE Subject Test: Psychology Resources

105 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept
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