GRE Subject Test: Math : Z-Distribution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #43 : Univariate Data

The average score on the statistics final exam was 85 and the standard deviation was . Chris scored a . Chris scored higher than what percent of his class? 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The first step in this problem is calculating the z-score. 

The next step is to look up 4 in the z-table. The value from the table is .

Example Question #1 : Basic Statistics

What is the -score for a value of 115 when the mean of the population is 103 and the standard deviation is 8?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

-score indicates whether a particular value is typical for a population or data set.  The closer the -score is to 0, the closer the value is to the mean of the population and the more typical it is.  The -score is calculated by subtracting the mean of a population from the particular value in question, then dividing the result by the population's standard deviation. 

 

Example Question #2 : Data Sets And Z Scores

A population of values has a mean of 43 and a standard deviation of 12.  One of the values in the population is 49.  What is the Z-score for that value?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

A Z-score indicates whether a particular value is typical for a population or data set.  The closer the Z-score is to 0, the closer the value is to the mean of the population and the more typical it is.  The Z-score is calculated by subtracting the mean of a population from the particular value in question, then dividing the result by the population's standard deviation.

Example Question #45 : Univariate Data

The z-score is also known as the standard score.

The average temperature for all the days preceding the last for the month of February was 55 degrees Farhenheit, with a standard deviation of 5 degrees. 

On the last day, the temperature was 73 degrees F. What is the z-score for the temperature on the last day?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To find the z-score, follow the formula

or

Example Question #46 : Univariate Data

A population has a standard deviation of  and a mean of . One of the values in the population is .  What is the z score for that value?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

A z score is unique to each value within a population.

To find a z score, subtract the mean of a population from the particular value in question, then divide the result by the population's standard deviation.

Example Question #47 : Univariate Data

Natalie took her university placement examinations in Spanish and math. In Spanish, she scored 82; in math, she scored 86. The results of the Spanish exam had a mean of 72 and a standard deviation of 8. The results of the math exam had a mean of 68 and a standard deviation of 12. On which exam did Natalie do better, compared with the rest of her peers taking these placement exams?

Possible Answers:

She did equally well on both exams

The Spanish exam

None of the other answers, as z-scores cannot be calculated for this question

The Math exam

Correct answer:

The Math exam

Explanation:

We need to calculate Natalie's z-scores for both her Spanish and math exams. Calculating z-scores is as follows:

Her z-score for the Spanish exam is , which equals 1.25, while her z-score for the math exam is , which equals 1.50. Since both z-scores are positive, Natalie did above average on both tests, but since her z-score for the math exam is higher than her z-score for the Spanish exam, Natalie did better on her math exam when compared to the rest of her peers taking the exam.

Example Question #1 : Z Distribution

This year's harvest, the apples had a mean mass of  with a standard deviation of . You pick an apple from the harvest and find its mass to be .

What is the z-score of the apple you picked?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To find the z-score, we follow the formula

 where  is the given value,  is the mean, and  is the standard deviation.

For this problem we see that

    and 

Substituting for these values we see

Example Question #2 : Z Distribution

A bread maker has an average life of 9 years, with a variance of 4 years. What is the z-score associated with the probability that a bread maker lasts less than 13 years?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 is the average life of the bread maker, in this problem 9 years.

 is the standard deviation of the break makers life. The standard deviation is the square root of the variance. 

X is the test statistic we are looking to find. In this problem it is the probability that the bread maker lasts less than 13 years.

If you were to find the value associated with a z-score of 2 on the z-table, you would see that

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