GRE Subject Test: Math : L'Hospital's Rule

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Math

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate:

Possible Answers:

The limit does not exist.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Let's examine the limit

first.

and 

,

 

so by L'Hospital's Rule, 

 

 

Since ,

 

Now, for each ; therefore, 

By the Squeeze Theorem, 

and 

Example Question #2 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate:

Possible Answers:

The limit does not exist.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Therefore, by L'Hospital's Rule, we can find  by taking the derivatives of the expressions in both the numerator and the denominator:

 

Similarly, 

 

So 

But  for any , so 

Example Question #3 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate:

Possible Answers:

The limit does not exist.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

and 

Therefore, by L'Hospital's Rule, we can find  by taking the derivatives of the expressions in both the numerator and the denominator:

 

Similarly, 

 

so

 

Example Question #4 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

and 

Therefore, by L'Hospital's Rule, we can find  by taking the derivatives of the expressions in both the numerator and the denominator:

 

 

 

Example Question #81 : Gre Subject Test: Math

Solve:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Substitution is invalid.  In order to solve , rewrite this as an equation.

Take the natural log of both sides to bring down the exponent.

Since  is in indeterminate form, , use the L'Hopital Rule.

L'Hopital Rule is as follows:

This indicates that the right hand side of the equation is zero.

Use the term  to eliminate the natural log.

 

Example Question #6 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate the limit using L'Hopital's Rule.

Possible Answers:

Undefined

Correct answer:

Explanation:

L'Hopital's Rule is used to evaluate complicated limits. The rule has you take the derivative of both the numerator and denominator individually to simplify the function. In the given function we take the derivatives the first time and get

This still cannot be evaluated properly, so we will take the derivative of both the top and bottom individually again. This time we get

.

Now we have only one x, so we can evaluate when x is infinity. Plug in infinity for x and we get

 and 

So we can simplify the function by remembering that any number divided by infinity gives you zero.

Example Question #7 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate the limit using L'Hopital's Rule.

Possible Answers:

Undefined

Correct answer:

Explanation:

L'Hopital's Rule is used to evaluate complicated limits. The rule has you take the derivative of both the numerator and denominator individually to simplify the function. In the given function we take the derivatives the first time and get 

Since the first set of derivatives eliminates an x term, we can plug in zero for the x term that remains. We do this because the limit approaches zero.

This gives us

.

Example Question #8 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate the limit using L'Hopital's Rule.

Possible Answers:

Undefined

Correct answer:

Explanation:

L'Hopital's Rule is used to evaluate complicated limits. The rule has you take the derivative of both the numerator and denominator individually to simplify the function. In the given function we take the derivatives the first time and get 

This still cannot be evaluated properly, so we will take the derivative of both the top and bottom individually again. This time we get

.

Now we have only one x, so we can evaluate when x is infinity. Plug in infinity for x and we get

Example Question #9 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Calculate the following limit.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To calculate the limit, often times we can just plug in the limit value into the expression. However, in this case if we were to do that we get , which is undefined.

What we can do to fix this is use L'Hopital's rule, which says

.

So, L'Hopital's rule allows us to take the derivative of both the top and the bottom and still obtain the same limit.

.

Plug in  to get an answer of .

Example Question #82 : Gre Subject Test: Math

Calculate the following limit.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

If we plugged in the integration limit to the expression in the problem we would get , which is undefined. Here we use L'Hopital's rule, which is shown below.

This gives us, 

.

However, even with this simplified limit, we still get . So what do we do? We do L'Hopital's again!

.

Now if we plug in infitinity, we get 0. 

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